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Bhrangi

Bhrangi

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Published by kuntalju

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Published by: kuntalju on Mar 26, 2010
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09/15/2012

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 Jadavpur University
College :-Bengal Institute OfPharmaceuticalSciencesName :-Kuntal MitraRoll No :-11Class :-4
th
Yr 7
th
sem Subject :-Dravyaguna Vijnan (Paper-3) Topic :-BHARNGI
(Clerodendrum serratum) 
Course :-B.Pharm (Ayu)
Introduction:-
 
 
On review of literature it is observed that Bhrangi is one of the mostcommon herbs in the Ayurvedic formulation (classical) used in thetreatment of respiratory disorders. However , the identity of the drug is stillcontroversial.Though Brihat Trayi texts & Nighantu writers havedescribed one variety of Bhrangi we come across 2 types in VaidyakaSabda Sindu. They are Svetapuspa & nilaqpuspa. May be this descriptionis the source of controversy. The former is C.indicum while the later varietyis C.serratum.moon. Respectively. Sometimes c. infortunatum is also usedas Bhrangi by others.The Sanskrit work bharangi literally means that which is glorious. Another name of the same plant, bhrguja, implies a relation of the plant with thegreat sage Bhrgu. It has various synonyms describing its peculiarities likekharasaka ± with rough leaves, padma ± flowers look like that of lotus,vatari ± an enemy of vata dosa, kasaghni ± which alleviates cough etc.Susruta and Bhavamisra have also described the medicinal properties of the plant particularly for respiratory complaints viz. asthma. Susruta hasmentioned it as a panacea for epilepsy and also as stanyasodhaka ±lactodepurant Vagbhata has cited its usefulness in cough due to kapha andvata. Caraka has categorized it as purisa sangrahaniya ± gives form tofaeces.
Botanical name:-
Clerodendrum serratum(Linn.) Moon
Natural order:-
Verbenaceae
 
C
lassical names:-
Angaravalli, Bhrangi, Bhargavi, Bhargi, Bramhani,Padma, Bhrigubhava, Bramhanayashtika, Kharashaka, Phaniji, Hanjika
Ve
rnacular Nam
es
:-
(Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India; Part-1; vol. 3;
 
GOVERNMENT 
 
OF 
ND
IA
IS 
TRY 
 
OF 
 AL
H A
ND
 
 A
IL
L
 A
RE 
 
DE 
PA
RTMENT 
 
OF 
IS 
& H ; page no- 25-26)
 
Sansk. : Angaravalli, Brahmanayastika Assam. : --Beng. : Bamun Hatee, Baman hatee, BhuijamEng. : --Guj. : BharangeeHindi. : BharangeeKan. : GantubarangeeKash. : --Mal. : CherutekuMar. : Bharangee, BharangOri. : ChindsPunj. : BhadangeeTam. : CherutekuTel. : GanttubrarangeeUrdu. : Bharangi, Baharangi
Cla
ss
ical Cat
eg
orization:-
 
C
araka :-
Purisasangrahaniya
 
Susruta :-
Pippalyadi
 
Vagbhata :-
Pippalyadi
Botanical d
es
cription:-

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