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M Rotors Dreamw(jupe)

M Rotors Dreamw(jupe)

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Published by: acoxpello on Mar 26, 2010
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01/14/2013

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ROTORS for WIND POWER
P.T. Smulders
Wind Energy GroupFaculty of PhysicsUniversity of Technology, EindhovenARRAKIS1
st
edition October 1991revised edition January 2004
 
CONTENTS
ROTORS for WIND POWER....................................................................................................1CONTENTS................................................................................................................................21 ROTORS for WIND POWER................................................................................................21.1 Classification of machines, that extract energy from the wind ........................................22 BASIC PRINCIPLES; AIRFOIL CHARACTERISTICS .......................................................62.1 LIFT and DRAG ..............................................................................................................62.2 The effect of the Reynolds number on airfoil characteristics ..........................................92.3 Whether to use lift or drag to extract energy from the wind? ........................................113 ROTATING MACHINES AND HORIZONTAL AXIS ROTORS .....................................153.1 Rotor characteristics .......................................................................................................153.2 Simple aerodynamic aspects of rotor behaviour ............................................................174 REAL ROTOR CHARACTERISTICS ................................................................................244.1 Power and torque ............................................................................................................244.2 Other force characteristics and rotors in yaw .................................................................25Exercises ..................................................................................................................................29
1 ROTORS for WIND POWER
1.1Classification of machines, that extract energy from the win
There exists an abundance of all types of machines to convert wind power into useful mechanical power on a shaft. There is an enormous number of inventions, claiming to be superior to all other types, many of them being trash (Figure 1.1).Machines to capture wind power can be classified according to the following aspects (see alsoFigure 1.2):* orientation rotor - axis to wind direction: - parallel to the wind- perpendicular to the wind* orientation with respect to ground: - horizontal axis- vertical axis* dominant propelling factor:- lift- drag
 
* movement: - rotation- translation (sailing ship)- oscillation

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