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Kuh Team Report

Kuh Team Report

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Published by: aptureinc on May 07, 2008
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10/14/2011

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What Matters to Student Success:A Review of the Literature
Commissioned Report for theNational Symposium on Postsecondary Student Success:Spearheading a Dialog on Student Success
George D. KuhJillian KinzieJennifer A. Buckley
 Indiana University Bloomington
Brian K. Bridges
 American Council on Education
John C. Hayek 
 Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education
July 2006
 
 July 2006 
iii
TABLE OF CONTENTSSection Page
1 INTRODUCTION, CONTEXT, AND OVERVIEW...................................... 1Purpose and Scope........................................................................................... 32 DEFINITIONS AND CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK ................................ 5Framework for Student Success....................................................................... 73 MAJOR THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES ON STUDENT SUCCESS INCOLLEGE....................................................................................................... 11Sociological Perspectives................................................................................. 11Observations About the Tinto Model.................................................. 12Social Networks ................................................................................. 12Organizational Perspectives............................................................................. 13Psychological Perspectives.............................................................................. 13Cultural Perspectives........................................................................................ 14Economic Perspectives.................................................................................... 15Summary.......................................................................................................... 164 THE FOUNDATION FOR STUDENT SUCCESS: STUDENTBACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS, PRECOLLEGE EXPERIENCES,AND ENROLLMENT PATTERNS................................................................ 17
 
Student Background Characteristics and Precollege Experiences................... 18Gender ............................................................................................. 18Race and Ethnicity.............................................................................. 18Academic Intensity in High School.................................................... 19Family Educational Background......................................................... 19Persistence........................................................................................... 21Educational Aspirations and Family Support..................................... 22Socioeconomic Status......................................................................... 22Financial Aid....................................................................................... 23Precollege Encouragement Programs................................................. 25Enrollment Patterns............................................................................. 27Multiple Institution Attendance.......................................................... 28Summary............................................................................................. 295 WHAT STUDENT BEHAVIORS, ACTIVITIES AND EXPERIENCES INPOSTSECONDARY EDUCATION PREDICT SUCCESS?.......................... 31Expectations for College.................................................................................. 32College Activities............................................................................................. 34
 
ivMinority-Serving Institutions.............................................................. 39A Closer Look at Engagement in Effective Educational Practices.................. 40Faculty-Student Contact...................................................................... 41Peer Interactions.................................................................................. 42Experiences with Diversity................................................................. 43Cocurricular Activities........................................................................ 44Student Satisfaction............................................................................. 44Student Characteristics..................................................................................... 45First-Generation Students................................................................... 45Race and Ethnicity.............................................................................. 45International Students......................................................................... 46Transfer Students................................................................................ 46Fraternity and Sorority Members........................................................ 47Student Athletes.................................................................................. 47Summary ............................................................................................. 486 WHAT INSTITUTIONAL CONDITIONS (POLICIES, PROGRAMS,PRACTICES, CULTURAL PROPERTIES) ARE ASSOCIATED WITHSTUDENT SUCCESS?................................................................................... 51Structural and Organizational Characteristics.................................................. 52Institutional Attributes: Residence Size, Type, Sector, Resourcesand Reputation..................................................................... 52Campus Residences............................................................. 53Sector ............................................................................. 53Structural Diversity............................................................. 54Organizational Structure...................................................... 55Institutional Mission............................................................ 55Minority-Serving Institutions.............................................. 56Programs and Practice...................................................................................... 57 New Student Adjustment.................................................................... 58Orientation........................................................................... 58First-Year Seminars............................................................. 58Advising ............................................................................................. 59Early Warning Systems....................................................................... 60Learning Communities........................................................................ 60Campus Residences............................................................................. 63Student Success Initiatives.................................................................. 63Remediation........................................................................ 64Student Support Services.................................................................... 65

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