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ukraine report

ukraine report

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Published by: aptureinc on May 07, 2008
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05/13/2012

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Trafficking in Women from Ukraine
Donna M. HughesUniversity of Rhode IslandAndTatyana DenisovaZaporizhia State University
Research Associates:
Sergey Denisov, Zaporizhia Academy of Law; Sergey Demenko,Zaporizhia State University; Victoria Palchenkova, Zaporizhia State University, VolodimirBilkun, Zaporizhia State University
Research Assistants:
Paul Serdyuk, Zaporizhia State University; Kelly Brooks, Universityof Rhode Island; Amy Potenza, University of Rhode Island
 Translators:
Kate Zuzina, Rule of Law, Kyiv; Svetlana Chujan, Zaporizhia State
 
University
This research was carried out as part of the U.S. Ukraine Research Partnership as part of an agreement betweenthe International Center of the U. S. National Institute of Justice and the Ukrainian Academy of Legal Sciences.
2002
 
 
2
Table of Contents
 Executive Summary.................................................................................................................... 4
 
 Introduction...............................................................................................................................
 
 Literature Review and Conceptualization of the Problem............................................................ 9
 
Numbers of Trafficked Women............................................................................................10
 
A Modern Day Slave Trade: The International Shadow Market for Women.......................11
 
Methods of Recruitment and Trafficking.............................................................................14
 
Entrapment of Women in Prostitution.................................................................................16
 
Profit and Corruption..........................................................................................................18
 
Impact on Communities.......................................................................................................20
 
Gendered Supply and Demand............................................................................................21
 
Legal Factors and the Demand for Trafficked Women........................................................22
 
Summary.............................................................................................................................25
 
 Research Findings on Trafficking in Women from Ukraine for Sexual Exploitation.................. 27 
 
Research Goals.....................................................................................................................27
 
Methods of Data Collection..................................................................................................27
 
Factors Contributing to the Trafficking of Women from Ukraine.......................................28
 
Employment Abroad............................................................................................................29
 
Sexual Exploitation in Ukraine............................................................................................29
 
Transnational Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation...............................................................34
 
Official Cases of Trafficking in Women from Ukraine...........................................................34
 
Source Regions for Recruitment and Trafficking of Women...................................................37
 
Transit and Destination Countries.........................................................................................37
 
Involvement of Organized Crime Groups in Prostitution and Trafficking of Women................38
 
Interview with a Ukrainian Trafficker and Pimp....................................................................39
 
Methods of Recruitment and Trafficking.............................................................................42
 
Recruitment of Women by Marriage Agencies......................................................................47
 
Awareness of and Attitudes about Trafficking and Prostitution...........................................52
 
Destination Countries for Women Trafficked from Ukraine................................................53
 
 Recommendations for Combating Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation in Ukraine...................... 58
 
1. Demonstrate Political Will to Combat Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation.........................58
 
2. Combat Corruption and Organized Crime..........................................................................58
 
3. Improve Awareness and Prevention of Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation........................58
 
4. Provide Services to Victims of Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation....................................59
 
5. Increase Law Enforcement Efforts to Combat and Prevent Trafficking in Women................60
 
 
 
3
6. Ratify and Implement the United Nations Convention Against Transnational OrganizedCrime, including the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish the Trafficking of Persons,Especially Women and Children...........................................................................................61
 
7. Develop International Cooperation with Transit and Destination Countries..........................61
 
8. Encourage Research on All Aspects of Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation........................62
 

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