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Oil Water Separator

Oil Water Separator

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Published by alij_boscan

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Published by: alij_boscan on Mar 27, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Shipping industry guidance on the use of 
Oily WaterSeparators
Ensuring compliance with
Shipping industry guidance on the use of 
Oily Water Separators
Ensuring compliance with MARPOL
The global shipping industry is committed to a zero tolerance approachto any non-compliance with the International Convention for thePrevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL). In particular, the industryis committed to strict adherence to International Maritime Organization(IMO) requirements concerning the use of 
Oily Water Separators
and themonitoring and discharge of oil into the sea.National maritime authorities with responsibility for the environmentalprotection of their coastlines quite properly adopt a similarly strictapproach to the enforcement of MARPOL.Companies and seafarers need tounderstand that even the mostminor violations of MARPOL willbe detected by the authorities.In addition to large finesamounting to literally millionsof dollars, both companymanagement and seafarers can beliable to criminal prosecution andimprisonment for any deliberate violation of MARPOL requirementsor falsification of records.
The following industry guidelinesare intended to highlight some of the issues concerning the use of oily water separators (OWS) andto remind company management,and shipboard personnel, howthey can act to prevent MARPOLinfringements.Ship operators have ultimate responsibility for establishing a complianceculture within their companies, and it is important that every effort ismade to ensure that seafarers do not engage in any illegal conduct inthe mistaken belief that it will benefit their employer. Every seafarershould be made fully aware of the severe legal consequences, both for thecompany and the seafarers themselves, of even minor non-compliance withenvironmental rules.
 At first glance, the following advice may appear to contain nothing new;for the vast majority of shipping companies, these are issues which shouldalready be fully addressed by their Safety Management Systems, as requiredby the International Safety Management (ISM) Code. Nevertheless, it isstrongly recommended that the following guidance is carefully analysedby company management, and that a firm message of zero tolerance of non-compliance with MARPOL is circulated as widely as possible amongstseagoing personnel.
Shipping companies should:• Ensure that the ISM SafetyManagement System* is used togood effect• Conduct internal and externalaudits on environmentalcompliance and act upon thefindings, in full compliance withthe ISM Code• Require accountability onenvironmental complianceissues within the shore-side andshipboard management team• Minimise waste leakage throughgood housekeeping andmaintenance• Make the best use of the availabletechnology• Establish a realistic operatingbudget for environmentalcompliance• Provide meaningful and targetedtraining in environmentalawareness and MARPOLcompliance• Provide specific and targetedtraining in oily water separator(OWS) operation• Recognise the value of opencommunication with the crew• Verify compliance throughappropriate physical inspection,operational tests and documentanalysis• Reward compliance and addresspotential non-compliance.
Technical approaches
Shipping companies shouldconsider:• Installing the latest equipment,or an upgrade in capability, if existing equipment does notperform to requirements• Upgrading related equipment tominimise the production of waste• The advantages of the pre-processing of waste• Increasing tank capacity for waste where possible• Modifying systems to facilitate in-port testing of treatment systems• Implementing the periodic testingof the oil discharge monitoringequipment• The use of cleaning agentsconsistent with equipmentcapability.
Control devices
Shipping companies shouldconsider:• Fitting uniquely numberedenvironmental tags on flanges toprevent unauthorised by-passing• Using seals on overboard valvesand cross-connections• Installing strategically placedplacards concerning compliance with MARPOL on board ship• Fitting surveillance cameras• Using tamper resistant recordingsystems, alarms and printoutsto verify equipment operation, valve position, flow, OWS ppm,incineration, ship’s position etc• Installing locked boxes or cagesover monitoring equipment• Fitting interlocks to preventfalsification of monitoringequipment inputsUsing meters to recordequipment running time for allengine room pumps.
Ensuring compliance with MARPOL

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