FORMULATION OF HYPOTHESIS
Introduction of hypothesis:
The formulation of hypothesis or proposition as to the possible answers to theresearch questions is an importance steps in the process of formulation of the research problem. Hypothesis is usually considered as the principal instrument in research. Itsmain function is to suggest new experiment and observations. Keen observation,creative thinking, hunch, unit, imagination, vision, insight and sound judgement are of greater importance in setting up reasonable hypotheses. A thorough knowledge aboutthe phenomenon and related fields is of great value in its process. The formulation of hypotheses plays an important part in the growth of knowledge in every science. Thehypotheses are formulated to facilitate the findings of the research study.
Meaning of hypothesis:
The relationship between/ among variables,
The research hypothesis is a predictive statement, capable for beingtested by scientific methods, that relates an independent variable tosome dependent variable. The level of influence of independentvariables on the dependent variables.
E.g.: “students who receive counselling will show a greater increase increativity than students not receiving counselling.”
A proposal intended to explain certain facts or observations.
A hypothesis is a precise testable statement prediction of what theresearcher expects to find or prove.
It is a tentative answer to a research question.
A hypothesis is a tentative proposition formulated for empirical testing.It is a declarative statement combining concept.
Definition of hypothesis:
Goode and Hatt have defined a hypothesis, “a proposition which can be put to test to determine validity.”
According to Rummel and Balline, “A hypothesis is a statement capableof being tested and thereby verified or rejected.”
According to M.H. Gopal ,”a hypothesis is a tentative solution posed ona cursory observation of known and available data and adopted provisionally to explain certain events and to guide in the investigationof others .It is, in fact, a possible solution to the problem.”.