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Tekno-Ekonomi, Konsep Teknologi
Tekno-Ekonomi, Konsep Teknologi

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Published by: Dr. Ir. R. Didin Kusdian, MT. on Mar 27, 2010
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12/12/2011

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NBIC 2003 Conference ProceedingsZack Lynch © 1 zack@lynch.comwww.neurosociety.net
Neurotechnology and Society (2010-2060)
Zack Lynch, author of forthcoming book, Brain Wave (www.neurosociety.net)M.A. Economic Geography, UCLA; B.S. Environmental Science; B.S. Evolutionary Biology UCLA
 Society shapes and is shaped by advancing technology. To illuminate the important societalimplications of the NBIC
(nano-bio-info-cogno)
convergence it is critical to place it within a broadhistorical context. History focuses the issues that are cloudy and require attention versus theones that have more certain trajectories. By viewing history as a series of techno-economicwaves with accompanying socio-political responses it is possible to begin to understand howNBIC technologies will impact society.Since the industrial revolution there has been a relatively consistent pattern of 50-year waves of techno-economic change. We are currently nearing the end of the fifth wave of informationtechnology diffusion, while a sixth wave is emerging with converging advancements across theNBIC
(nano-bio-info-cogno)
space. The sixth wave is neurotechnology and revolves aroundenhancing human performance.Each wave consists of a new group of technologies that make it possible to solve problems oncethought intractable. The water mechanization wave (1770-1830) in England transformedproductivity by replacing handcrafted production with water-powered “machine-o-facture.” Thesecond wave (1820-1880), powered by a massive iron railroad build-out, accelerated thedistribution of goods and services to distant markets. The electrification wave (1870-1920)produced inexpensive steel, thereby transforming the railroad systems again, while also providingthe foundation for the modern city. The development of skyscrapers, electric lifts, light bulbs,telephones and subways were all a result of the new electricity infrastructure. The fourth wave(1910-1970) ushered in mass assembly and the motorization of the industrial economy, makingthe inexpensive transportation of goods and services available to the masses.
Six Long Waves of Techno-Economic Development (1770-2060)
LongWave
(1)Mechanization(2)Railroadization(3)Electrification(4)Motorization(5)Informational(6)Neurotechnology
TimePeriod
1770-1830 1820-1880 1870-1920 1910-19701960-2020 2010-2060
NewInputs
Canals, water power Coal, Iron,Steam Power Electricity,Steel, Copper Oil Microprocessor Biochip, BrainImaging,???
DrivingSector 
Agriculture,Cotton SpinningRailroads,Locomotives,Machine ToolsSteel Products,ElectricityAutomobile,Oil RefiningMicrochips,ComputersBiotechnologyNanotechnology 
NewSectors
Iron tools,CanaltransportationSteam ShippingTelegraphyConstruction,PrecisionMachine ToolsAircraft,Construction,ServicesNetworking,Global Finance,e-commerceNeuroceuticals,Bio-education,????
The most recent wave, the information technology wave (1960-2020), has made it possible tocollect, analyze and disseminate data, transforming our ability to track and respond to an ever 

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