EXPLANATION FOR TERMINOLOGIES IN PROCESS FLOWCHART:
It is the low voltage winding which is placed on the core beneath the highvoltage winding. It is wound in layer and foil format as required in design.2.
It is the high voltage winding
which is wound on the low voltage winding.It is wound in layer and disk format as required. Taps are also carried out from the HV winding.3.
The active part of transformer consists of core, winding, tab changer,insulation and connections.4.
The core is made from joining silicon coated steel plates of definite geometricalshapes. The silicon lamination on steel plates prevents from losses inside core material.5.
VACUUM DRYING OVEN:
This oven absorbs moisture from insulation of windings andactive part.6.
These are the different items from nut bolts, washers, bushing to toolsand other inventory items that are required in transformer production.
DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS ROUTINE TESTS:
POWER FREQUENCY TEST (HV):
This test is performed on primary side of thetransformer. It determines HV to earth leakage paths.2.
POWER FREQUENCY TEST (LV):
This test is performed on secondary side of thetransformer. It determines LV to earth leakage paths.3.
INDUCED OVER VOLTAGE TEST:
This test is performed to check inter-turn and inter-layer insulation of the windings by applying double of rated secondary voltage and frequency.4.
NO LOAD TEST (OPEN CIRCUIT TEST):
This test is done to check the no load currentand tolerance level i.e. 15% (IEC standards) on losses by applying rated voltage at secondaryside of transformer.5.
LOAD TEST (SHORT CIRCUIT TEST):
This test is done to check the rated current byshorting the LV side of transformer.6.
TURNS RATIO TEST:
This test verify the turns ratio of the transformer given on the name plate as prescribed by the client.7.
This test checks the winding resistance.8.
Pressure test is performed on t transformer after filling the oil in thetransformer tank and sealing it. Nitrogen gas at 15 psi is applied inside the tank to check thetanks leakage if any.