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Siemens Internship Report

Siemens Internship Report

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Published by mirfanbilal
Siemens Pakistan internship report in business unit Transformers.
Siemens Pakistan internship report in business unit Transformers.

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Published by: mirfanbilal on Mar 27, 2010
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01/04/2014

 
INTERNSHIP PROGRAMME
Following topics to be covered;
- Internal comm. / Organization of section / shop- Process (flowcharts/quality plans)- Interfaces with other departments
A brief overview of each department in BU-TR has been given in this internship report.
Distribution TransformersProduction & Test Field
MAIN ADVANTAGE OF TRANSFORMERS
:To overcome losses, the electricity from a generator is passed through a step-up transformer which increases the voltage. Throughout the distribution system, the voltages are changed usingstep-down transformers to voltages suitable to the applications at industry and homes.
TRANSFORMER PARTS:
The main parts of which the transformers comprise are:
Core
Winding
Conservator tank 
Radiator 
High and Low voltage bushing
Oil sample valve
Oil drain valve
Breather 
Tap changer switch
Explosion vent
Manhole and Cover 
Oil pump
Terminal board
Gas relay
 
Process flow chart; Production flow process (DT≤ 2500 KVA)
≥100 KVA
Insulation mat. &Wooden parts
 
Not OK 
Cores fromCore Sect.
OK 
 
Dispatch to yardSteel Parts from surface FPPTreatment/ Oxycoat
LV LayerWindingHV WindingAssemblyCore+WindingHV & LVConnectionsActive Part fromStorage AreaVacuum DryingOvenFinal AssemblyGK material from SupermarketPowder coatedplates and Redoxide tanksOil FillingTestingCoil DryingOvenCoreStorageAreaRatioTesting
 
EXPLANATION FOR TERMINOLOGIES IN PROCESS FLOWCHART:
1.
LV WINDING:
It is the low voltage winding which is placed on the core beneath the highvoltage winding. It is wound in layer and foil format as required in design.2.
HV WINDING:
It is the high voltage winding
 
which is wound on the low voltage winding.It is wound in layer and disk format as required. Taps are also carried out from the HV winding.3.
ACTIVE PARE:
The active part of transformer consists of core, winding, tab changer,insulation and connections.4.
CORE:
The core is made from joining silicon coated steel plates of definite geometricalshapes. The silicon lamination on steel plates prevents from losses inside core material.5.
VACUUM DRYING OVEN:
This oven absorbs moisture from insulation of windings andactive part.6.
GK MATERIALS:
These are the different items from nut bolts, washers, bushing to toolsand other inventory items that are required in transformer production.
DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS ROUTINE TESTS:
1.
POWER FREQUENCY TEST (HV):
This test is performed on primary side of thetransformer. It determines HV to earth leakage paths.2.
POWER FREQUENCY TEST (LV):
This test is performed on secondary side of thetransformer. It determines LV to earth leakage paths.3.
INDUCED OVER VOLTAGE TEST:
This test is performed to check inter-turn and inter-layer insulation of the windings by applying double of rated secondary voltage and frequency.4.
NO LOAD TEST (OPEN CIRCUIT TEST):
This test is done to check the no load currentand tolerance level i.e. 15% (IEC standards) on losses by applying rated voltage at secondaryside of transformer.5.
LOAD TEST (SHORT CIRCUIT TEST):
This test is done to check the rated current byshorting the LV side of transformer.6.
TURNS RATIO TEST:
This test verify the turns ratio of the transformer given on the name plate as prescribed by the client.7.
RESISTANCE TEST:
This test checks the winding resistance.8.
PRESSURE TEST:
Pressure test is performed on t transformer after filling the oil in thetransformer tank and sealing it. Nitrogen gas at 15 psi is applied inside the tank to check thetanks leakage if any.

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