Damage to other goods-
in a public warehouse settingincompatible stored goods always run the risk of damaging each other
warehouse generally sets rates in termsof space, usually square foot.
public warehouse is a comprehensive andsophisticated industry today, willing and able to offervariety of services beyond the general storage function.
Factors affecting the number of warehouse1.
eed for customer service
Favoring decentralized warehousing is smallquantity buyers
Favoring decentralized warehousing would beinstances when customers allow insufficienttimes before being stock out.
CHAPTER VI-Material Handling and PackagingMaterial handling-
efficient short distance movementthat usually takes place within the confines of buildingsuch as plant or warehouse and between building andtransportation agency
dimension of material handling*Movement-
the movement aspects of material handlinginvolves the conveyance of goods (raw materials, semi-finished goods and finished goods)into and out storagefacility as well as within such facilities*
the time dimension of material handling isconcerned with readying goods for production or forcustomer filling*
the quantity issue addresses the varyingusage and delivery rate of raw materials and finishedgoods respectively*
Material handling equipment consume space inthe warehouse and plant.
Objective of Material Handling
Increase effective capacity
Improve operating efficiency
Develop effective working condition
Reduce heavy labor
Improved logistic service
a very versatile piece of equipment that canprovide a very reasonable cost. Warehouse usually useforklift in conjunction with pallets
- are molded rubber piece that protect thebuilding from impact of a docking trailer
level out the angle between the dockand the trailer that providing a ramp that enables theforklift to drive into the trailer safely.
a cushioned frame around the dock dooropening that connects the trailers to the truck
Trailer restraint system-
vehicle restraints prevents thetrailer from drifting away from the dock during loadingand unloading.
- provide a base to hold individual items together.
Other material handling equipmentConveyors-
this system decrease handling cost increaseproductivity of workers and equipment
- are more common in physicalsupply warehouses or where the companies have tomove.
they can function in narrow isleeffective utilizing warehouse cube capacity.
Other picking and storage equipmentPicker-to-part-
the order picker must travel to the picklocation within the aisle
the oldest and more basic storage systemavailable for storing small parts.
Modular Storage drawers-
are cabinets and furthersubdivided into compartments
store items in cartons having uniform sizeand shape
Order Picking Vehicle-
order picking trucks and personabroad storage and retrieval (s/r) vehicles increase order-picking rates and maximize cubic space utilization
the pick location travels through anautomated machine to the picker.
are shelves or bins link together through amechanical device that stores and rotates items in orderpicking.
doubled layer storage system that utilizes asecond level bin shelving modular storage cabinets abovefirst storage levels.
Types of material handling equipment-a designperspectiveFlexible Path-
includes manual hand trucks all forklifttruck and other picking equipment. Its design advantageis versatility and flexibility. More labor intensive
includes draglines andconveyors. These are usually very efficient and highlyautomated. Investment is high
Intermittent-flow fixed path-
includes cranes andmonorails. With the ability to stop unneeded equipment.
Equipment selection factors*
physical attributes of product and packaging