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How we build a car

How we build a car

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Published by vinu198500

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Published by: vinu198500 on Mar 27, 2010
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How we build a car 
A publication from Vauxhall’s Education Service
Factfile - Edition Number 6, Summer 2001
In today’s competitive motor industry, superb design alone isnot enough to create a state-of-the-art car. A combination of traditional human skills, new manufacturing techniques, andadvanced product design are key elements in Vauxhall’s man-ufacturing philosophy.Vauxhall builds cars at two assembly plants in Britain.The Luton plant, established in 1905, is some 35 miles northof London. Luton builds the Vectra model for the home mar-ket as well as export.In 1962, Vauxhall established a new plant at EllesmerePort in Cheshire. The plant manufactures Astra cars and vansfor home and export markets as well as body panels, sub-assemblies for other GM manufacturing plants in Europe.
Quality and environmental issues
In 1993, BS5750 approval was gained by all VauxhallMotors’ manufacturing facilities. This achievement hasunderlined the companys commitment to quality.Buildingquality cars that people want to buy is the primary objec-tive.Vauxhall is committed to reducing the impact of itsmanufacturing facilities on the environment. Significantprogress has been made in waste management and energyconservation.Vauxhall Motors achieved a world first for the motor industry by securing the BS 7750 (now ISO 14001)Environmental Management Standard at the Ellesmere PortPlant in 1995. In 1996 the Luton Plant also received theaward. Vauxhall became the first car manufacturer in theUK to register both assembly plants under EMAS, theEuropean Eco-Management Audit Scheme.
The fully-robotised welding facility at Ellesmere Port.
Since the early 1980s, Vauxhall has become closely integrated with General Motors Europe.This partnership gives Vauxhall direct access to an extensive technical,purchasing and manufacturing network.
All manufacturing facilities havereceived high levels of investmentdirectly aimed at quality and efficiencyimprovements. A massive £200 millionwas invested in the Ellesmere Portplant, giving it the potential to pro-duce 42 Astras per hour, or around140,000 vehicles per year.
The dealer network 
Vauxhall customers are served by over 530 dealerships in the UK. Sales staff at these dealerships have been trainedto advise customers about all aspects of the Vauxhall range of vehicles andaccessories. Each dealership is commit-ted to providing the very highest levelof service covering all aspects of motoring, from purchase and deliveryto aftersales.
Built to order
Once the customer has decided on themodel and specification and confirmedhis or her order, the dealer places itwith General Motors Europe OrderingScheduling System. The order details acar’s full specification including anyfactory options such as an automaticgearbox, sunroof or special wheels.After processing, the order is transmit-ted to the appropriate plants inGeneral Motors Europe’s network of production facilities.
The UK factories can also build lefthand drive vehicles for other Europeanor Asian countries. This translates intoexport business for Vauxhall, which, in1993, received the Queen’s Award for Export.
At the Plant 
The full specification of the vehicle issent by the Order Scheduling Systemin Europe to the Data GeneralComputer at the plant. This computer controls production, ensuring that acustomer’s order is adhered to strictly.The Material Production Control(MPC) process ensures that compo-nents arrive on the production line inthe right order, at the right time, andto the correct specification.This is quite an achievement whenone car could be a red four-door saloon and the next a blue five-door diesel hatchback. The process of build-ing a fully-inspected and testedVauxhall car takes less than 30 hours.In the following pages we will look ateach stage of the process.4
A transporter being loaded with Vectrasbound for customers.A modern Vauxhall dealership.

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