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Wiki Korean Book

Wiki Korean Book

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Published by: neonstar on Mar 28, 2010
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03/12/2015

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Contents
Articles
Korean/Lesson I11Korean/Lesson I24Korean/Lesson I38Korean/Lesson I410Korean/Lesson I511Korean/Lesson I612Korean/Lesson I714Korean/Lesson I914Korean/Lesson I1015Korean/Lesson II116Korean/Lesson II217Korean/Lesson II318Korean/Lesson II418Korean/Lesson II519Korean/Lesson III219Korean/Lesson III421Korean/Lesson III622Korean/Lesson III722Korean/Lesson III823Korean/Essential Pronunciation Rules24Korean/Advanced Pronunciation Rules28
References
Article Sources and Contributors31
Article Licenses
License32
 
Korean/Lesson I11
Korean/Lesson I1
[panel edit[1]]Other languages...
Learn Korean
(Introduction)
 —
Reading and writing
Conversation1
: Beginner
 
 —
1. Greeting
2. Forming sentences
3. Connective forms and negation
4. Colors / Shopping
5. Recreation / In a taxi
6.Family
7. Around the house
8. The workplace / Using the telephone
9. School
10. Onomatopoeia2
단계
: High beginner
3
단계
: Low intermediate
4
단계
: High intermediate
5
단계
: Low advanced
6
단계
: AdvancedGrammar
Korean Conversation, Level I, Lesson 1: Greetings
Welcome to the first conversation lesson for learning Korean. By now you should be familiar with hangeul (theKorean writing system) and how to form syllables. If you are not yet familiar with hangeul, see Korean/Alphabet. Itis highly recommended that you know these basics before you embark on learning how to make sentences andcommencing dialogue.In this first section, we will introduce basic Korean sentence structure, basic vocabulary, and greetings in Korean.
시작할까요
?(Shall we start?)
Dialogue
The simple dialogue below is between Korean native
찬호
and Joseph (
조세프
) from America. Joseph is interestedin Korean culture and language, and was able to meet
찬호
through a program in his school. Here, they meet for thefirst time:
찬호
:
안녕하십니까
,
조세프 씨
?
조세프
:
.
안녕하십니까
,
찬호 씨
?
찬호
:
만나서 반갑습니다
.
조세프
:
저도요
.
저는 집에 갑니다
.
찬호
:
.
안녕히 가십시오
.
조세프
:
안녕히 계십시오
.Overview
The conversation began with
찬호
asking this:
찬호
:
안녕하십니까
,
조세프 씨
?
Here, we learn our first bit of Korean. "
안녕하십니까
?" is a common formal greeting in Korean. It literally means"Are you at peace?". "
" is a title which means "Mr". Joseph replied like this:
조세프
:
.
안녕하십니까
,
찬호 씨
?
"
" means "yes". Then Joseph asked
찬호
the same question. Typically, the response to "
안녕하십니까
?" is "
",but it is not necessary to respond that way, as we learn from
찬호
's response:
찬호
:
만나서 반갑습니다
.
"
만나서 반갑습니다
" means "Nice to meet you." This can also be shortened to "
반갑습니다
", but since
찬호
andJoseph have first met, it is best to be as polite as possible. "
만나서
" means "because we've met".
 
Korean/Lesson I12
조세프
:
저도요
.
저는 집에 갑니다
.
Here, we learn some important things about making a Korean sentence. "
" means "I," and "
저도요
" means "Metoo". Then Joseph says: "
저는 집에 갑니다
." This means "I go home." We'll dissect this sentence more in just amoment. First, let us finish analyzing the conversation:
찬호
:
.
안녕히 가십시오
.
조세프
:
안녕히 계십시오
.
Look carefully at how each says "Good bye" to each other.
찬호
says "
안녕히 가십시오
" while Joseph says"
안녕히 계십시오
" Why do their replies differ from each other? Well, Joseph is leaving, while it is assumed that
찬호
is staying. So,
찬호
tells Joseph to "Go in peace" (like spock!) and Joseph tells
찬호
to "Stay in peace." It maysound funny, but that's how it works in Korea. Remember these two carefully and try not to mix them up!
Grammar: "I go home."
The short sentence
저는 집에 갑니다
("I go home.") reveals a great deal of usable grammar:
.I(topic)house(location)go.
Let's discuss
,
, and
갑니다
. As mentioned above,
means "I". In Korean, "
" marks the primary topic of asentence. Joseph is talking primarily about himself, so he says "
저는
". Note that if the primary topic ends in aconsonant, "
" changes to "
" so it's easier to pronounce. So, if Joseph wanted to talk primarily about his house(
) instead himself, he would say "
집은
"."
" is in a similar class of elements (called "particles"), but it marks the location, such as "to school (
학교에
), to thebathroom (
화장실에
)," and so forth. However, if Joseph wanted to say "to me", he would say "
저에게
", not "
저에
."The difference is that "
" means "to that thing or place" and "
에게
" (the dative particle) means "to that person."This is an important distinction to remember, but even if you make a mistake, a Korean will probably stillunderstand.Finally, we see the verb, "
갑니다
." Now, if you were to look up "go" in a Korean dictionary, it would probably say"
가다
." This is the verb's unconjugated dictionary or "base" form. "
" is the actual root of the verb, or "Verb Stem"(VS). When we put the verb into a Korean sentence, it must be conjugated. The standard, polite statementconjugation in Korean is {VS +
 / 
습니다
}. What does this mean? This means we take the verb stem (
) and add"
ㅂ니다
" if the stem ends in a vowel and "
습니다
" if the verb stem ends in a consonant. In this case, "
" ends in avowel, so we slip the
under it (
) and add "
니다
" = "
갑니다
". If the verb was "
먹다
(to eat)" then we would add"
습니다
" because the verbstem ends in a consonant (
). Thus, we have "
먹습니다
." A special thing to rememberabout this is, when conjugated, the verb is actually pronounced "
감니다
" like there's a
on the bottom. This isbecause of a special pronunciation rule called "nasalization" which we won't discuss here, but keep it in mind.In order to make a question, the form is {VS +
 / 
습니까
}. An astute student would see something like that in"
안녕하십니까
", which is actually a question. So, if 
찬호
wanted to ask "Do you go (are you going)?" he would ask "
갑니까
?" (Remember pronunciation: "
감니까
"). Armed with this information, we can now make a statement or aquestion with almost any verb.

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