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Chemical Kinetics Mcq

Chemical Kinetics Mcq

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Published by Paras Thakur
iit stuff... chemical kientics solved examples both subjective and objective.. also includes practice problems to check your skills
iit stuff... chemical kientics solved examples both subjective and objective.. also includes practice problems to check your skills

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Published by: Paras Thakur on Mar 28, 2010
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12/23/2012

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Solved Problems (Subjective)
Problem 1:
A (half life = 12.8 h) transforms to B (35%), C (19%) and D (43%) each by 1
st
order kinetics as shown below.Solution: Let the rate constants of the above processes be
1
,
2
and k 
3
, respectively and theoverall rate constant be k. ThenAlso, k 
1
= 0.38 k =Similarly,= 67.36hWhere t
1
, t
2
and t
3
are the partial half-lives for the conversion of A and B, C and D,respectively, by 1
st
order kinetics.
Problem 2:
The half-life of Pb
212
is 10.6 h. It undergoes decay to its daughter (radioactive)element Bi
212
of half-life 60.5 minute. Calculate the times at which daughter elementwill have the maximum activity?Solution:= 227.1 min
Problem 3:
t
1/2
of a first order reaction at 27°C is 100 min. 10
 –6
% of the reactant molecules existsin the activated state at 27°C calculate maximum rate constant of the reaction.Solution:
 
=k = Ae
 –Ea/RT
A = = 6.93 10
7
min
 –1
 When Thus A is the maximum rate constant of the reaction.
Problem 4:
The half life of P
32
is 14.3 days. Calculate the specific activity of a phosphoruscontaining specimen having1.0 ppm P
32
(Atomic weight of P = 31)Solution: Activity of 1g sample is the specific activity of the sample 10
6
g contains 1g P
32
 1g sample will contain 10
 –6
P
32
i.e. atoms of P
32
 == 1.089 10
10
dpsSince this is activity i.e. rate of decay of 1g sampleSpecific activity = 1.089 10
10
dps per gram= = 0.295 C
I
per g
Problem 5:
The gas phase decomposition of dimethyl ether follows first order kinetics.CH
3
OCH
3(g)
CH
4(g_ 
+ H
2(g)
+ CO
(g)
 The reaction is carried out in a constant volume container at 500°C. Initially onlydimethyl ether is present at a pressure of 0.40 atm. The total pressure of the gaseousreaction mixture after 12 minute is 0.75 atm. Calculate half-life of the reaction.Solution: CH
3
OCH
3(g)
CH
4(g_ 
+ H
2(g)
+ CO
(g)
 P
0
0 0 0 …t = 0P
0
x x x x …t = 12 minuteFrom question P
0
= 0.40 atmTotal pressure after 12 minute = P
0
= x + x + x + x = 0.75 atmor P
0
+ 2x = 0.75x = 0.175 atmAt constant volume mole pressureSo,== 0.0475 min
-1
 
 
 
Problem 6:
The rate of a firs order reaction is 0.8 mol L
 –1
min
 –1
after 10 min and 0.1 after 30 minfrom the start of the reaction. Find half time of the reaction.Solution: Rate C
n
, where n is the order of reactionFor a first order reaction: N = 1 so
Problem 7:
The half-life period of C
14
is 5760year. An ancient piece of wood has -activity of 4.4 atm per gram carbon. A living tree has a -activity of 17.6 dpm per gram carbon.A dead coal when examined in the same Gniger-Muller instrument, it was found tohave an activity of 1.1 compounds per gram carbon. Calculate how long before thetree was cut.Solution:= 13380.13 years
Problem 8:
The isotpe U
238
- and U
235
occur in nature in the ratio of 140 : 1. Assuming that at thetime of earth formation, they were present in equal ratio, make an estimation of theage of the earth. The half life period of U
238
and U
235
as 4.5 10
9
and 7.13 10
8
year respectively.Solution: In natureAt the time of earth formationIf and be the decay constants of U
238
and U
235
respectively, then

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