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iit maths - polynomials and quadratics, integration, circle

# iit maths - polynomials and quadratics, integration, circle

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Published by: Paras Thakur on Mar 28, 2010

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Higher
Mathematics
HSN22000
This document was produced specially for the HSN.uk.net website, and we require that any copies or derivative works attribute the work to Higher Still Notes.For more details about the copyright on these notes, please seehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/scotland/
hsn

.uk.net
UNIT 2
Mathematics 2

Higher Mathematics Unit 2 Mathematics 2
- ii - HSN22000
hsn
.uk.net
Contents
Polynomials and Quadratics 64

1

2

The Discriminant 66

3

Completing the Square 67

4

Sketching Parabolas 70

5

Determining the Equation of a Parabola 72

6

Solving Quadratic Inequalities 74

7

Intersections of Lines and Parabolas 76

8

Polynomials 77

9

Synthetic Division 78

10

Finding Unknown Coefficients 82

11

Finding Intersections of Curves 84

12

Determining the Equation of a Curve 86

13

Approximating Roots 88

Integration 89

1

Indefinite Integrals 89

2

Preparing to Integrate 92

3

Differential Equations 93

4

Definite Integrals 95

5

Geometric Interpretation of Integration 96

6

Areas between Curves 101

7

Integrating along the
y
-axis 106

Trigonometry 107

1

Solving Trigonometric Equations 107

2

Trigonometry in Three Dimensions 110

3

Compound Angles 113

4

Double-Angle Formulae 116

5

Further Trigonometric Equations 117

Circles 119

1

Representing a Circle 119

2

Testing a Point 120

3

The General Equation of a Circle 120

4

Intersection of a Line and a Circle 122

5

Tangents to Circles 123

6

Equations of Tangents to Circles 124

7

Intersection of Circles 126

Higher Mathematics Unit 2 Polynomials and Quadratics
Page 64HSN22000
hsn
.uk.net
OUTCOME 1
1

A
has the form
2
ax bx c
+ +
where
a
,
b
, and
are any realnumbers, provided
0
a
. You should already be familiar with the following.The graph of a quadratic is called a
parabola
. There are two possible shapes:
concave up
(if
0
a
>
)This has a minimumturning point
concave down
(if
0
a
<
)This has a maximumturning pointTo find the roots (i.e. solutions) of the quadratic equation
2
0
ax bx c
+ + =
, we can use:

factorisation;

completing the square (see Section 3);

2
42
b b a x a
± =
(this is
not
given in the exam).
EXAMPLES
1.

Find the roots of
2
230
x
=
.
( )( )
2
23013010or3013.
x  x  x  x
=+ =+ = ===
2.

Solve
2
8160
x
+ + =
.
( )( )
2
8160440or404044.
x  x  x  x
+ + =+ + =+ = + == =

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