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Wood Gas as Engine Fuel

Wood Gas as Engine Fuel

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Published by Scopulus
FAO Forestry Branch
In "Wood Gas as Engine Fuel" FAO presents a summary of modern wood gasification
technology and the economics of its application to internal combustion engines. Texts on
different aspects of wood gasification, prepared by specialists, are the basis of this
publication.
FAO Forestry Branch
In "Wood Gas as Engine Fuel" FAO presents a summary of modern wood gasification
technology and the economics of its application to internal combustion engines. Texts on
different aspects of wood gasification, prepared by specialists, are the basis of this
publication.

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Published by: Scopulus on Mar 28, 2010
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Wood gas as engine fuel
Mechanical Wood Products BranchForest Industries DivisionFAO Forestry DepartmentThe designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not implythe expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and AgricultureOrganization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.M-38ISBN 92-5-102436-7 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrievalsystem, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Applications for suchpermission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should beaddressed to the Director, Publications Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of theUnited Nations, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.© FAO 1986
This electronic document has been scanned using optical character recognition (OCR)software and careful manual recorrection. Even if the quality of digitalisation is high, the FAOdeclines all responsibility for any discrepancies that may exist between the present document and its original printed version.
 
Table of Contents
Preface
 
Chapter 1 - Introduction
 
1.1 Background1.2 The present case for wood gasifiers1.3 Overview of the contents of this publication1.4 What to expect from a wood gasifier system
 
 
Chapter 2 - Small wood and charcoal gasifiers for operation of internal combustionengines
 
2.1 Fuelling of engines by producer gas
 2.1.1 Possibilities of using producer gas with different types of engines2.1.2 Engine power output using producer gas2.1.3 Maximizing the power output in producer-gas operation2.1.4 Resulting power output2.1.5 Gas quality requirements for trouble-free operation2.1.6 Use of Stirling engines or gas turbines with producer gas
2.2 Theory of gasification
 2.2.1 Prediction of the gas composition2.2.2 Gasifier efficiency
2.3 Types of gasifiers
 2.3.1 Updraught or counter current gasifier 2.3.2 Downdraught or co-current gasifiers2.3.3. Cross-draught gasifier 2.3.4. Fluidized bed gasifier 2.3.5 Other types of gasifiers
2.4 Gasification fuels
 2.4.1 Need for selection of the right gasifier for each fuel2.4.2 Energy content of the fuel2.4.3 Moisture content of the fuel2.4.4 Volatile matter content of the fuel2.4.5 Ash content and ash chemical composition2.4.6 Reactivity of the fuel2.4.7 Particle size and size distribution2.4.8 Bulk density of the fuel2.4.9 Charring properties of the fuel2.4.10 Assessment of the suitability of various types of biomass as gasifier fuel
2.5 Design of downdraught gasifiers
 2.5.1 Processes occurring in the down-draught gasifier 2.5.2 Design guidelines for downdraught gasifiers
2.6 Gas cleaning and cooling
 2.6.1 Cleaning dust from the gas2.6.2 Gas cooling
2.7 Applications of biomass gasification
 2.7.1 Production of fuel gas2.7.2 Production of mechanical or electrical power in stationary installations2.7.3 Mobile applications

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