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Teaching of Vocabulary

Teaching of Vocabulary

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Published by Rizwan Rao
Rao Rizwan Sadiq
Rao Rizwan Sadiq

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Rizwan Rao on Mar 28, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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What Is Vocabulary?
“Without grammar something can be conveyed, withoutvocabulary nothing can be conveyed.”Broadly defined, vocabulary is knowledge of words andword meanings. However, vocabulary is more complex thanthis definition suggests. First, words come in two forms: oraland print. Oral vocabulary includes those words that werecognize and use in listening and speaking. Print vocabularyincludes those words that we recognize and use in readingand writing. Second, word knowledge also comes in twoforms, receptive and productive. Receptive vocabularyincludes words that we recognize when we hear or see them.Productive vocabulary includes words that we use when wespeak or write. Receptive vocabulary is typically larger thanproductive vocabulary, and may include many words towhich we assign some meaning, even if we don’t know theirfull definitions and connotations or ever use themourselves as we speak and write.A person's vocabulary is the set of words they arefamiliar with in a language. A vocabulary usually grows andevolves with age, and serves as a useful and fundamentaltool for communication and acquiring knowledge.
Types of Vocabulary:
 There are two types of vocabulary;
Active vocabulary
Passive vocabulary
Active vocabulary:
Active vocabulary is vocabulary actually used.
Passive vocabulary:
Passive vocabulary is vocabulary understood.Vocabulary is further divided into five categories; i.e,
Single words
Set phrases
Variable phrases
Phrasal verbs
Ways to make vocabulary learning interesting
Since students need to be motivated to learnvocabulary constantly, it is important that vocabulary reviewis as interesting as possible. Teachers can vary the types of exercises, strategies and activities. The visual element isequally important. Here are some of the activities we shoulduse in teaching vocabulary. They are, by no meansexhaustive.
Stage 1: Noticing the word: the visual element
Stage 2: Recognition
Categorize the words
Matching. (this category is huge with both open andclosed types of exercises)Matching the word to itsdefinition, L1-L2, opposites, adjectives and nouns, verbsand adverbs, word to the picture, match two words thatgo together
Multiple choice
Drawing the word
Circle the word you hear
Stage 3: Production
Answering questions
Picture description
Final Words: Points to consider
 Try to have as many success oriented activities that aregeared to the age groups you teach.
Gradually progress from one stage to another but varythe activities within each stage.
Consider appealing to the various multiple intelligences. The
visual element
in learning is particular importantfor all age groups but particularly important foryounger children.
Instructions of teaching vocabulary:
Step 1
Choose a list of words to focus on that's an integral part of the students' existing curriculum. Include words thatstudents find in their everyday lives. Provide vocabularywords that are age appropriate.
Step 2
Motivate students by creating rewards, games, puzzlesand other fun activities. Mix a variety of activitiescentered on vocabulary to reach a broader range of students.
Step 3
Model proper use of vocabulary words. Use languagecreatively and with gusto. Have fun with your ownvocabulary and students will want to have fun with theirs.
Step 4
Create a word wall where students write new andinteresting vocabulary words. Refer to the wall oftenduring class so students become familiar with it and itspurpose.

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