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8-5

# 8-5

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Published by: sarasmile2009 on May 08, 2008

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06/16/2009

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Section 8.5

Applications of Matrices and Determinants

153
Name______________________________________________

Larson/Hostetler
Precalculus/Precalculus with Limits Notetaking Guide

Section 8.5 Applications of Matrices and Determinants
Objective:
In this lesson you learned how to use Cramer’s Rule to solvesystems of linear equations and how to use determinants andmatrices to model and solve problems.
I. Cramer’s Rule
(Pages 619
621)
Cramer’s Rule
states that if a system of
n
linear equations in
n
variables has a coefficient matrix
A
with a nonzero determinant|
A
|, the solution of the system is
A A x A A x A A x
nn
===
,,,
2211
K
where the
i
th column of
A
i
isthe column of constantsin the system of equations.Cramer’s Rule does not apply if the determinant of thecoefficient matrix iszero, in which case the systemhas either no solution orinfinitely many solutions.
Example 1:
Use Cramer’s Rule to solve the system of linearequations.
==+ =++
321362
z y z y x z y x
The solution is (3,
1, 1).
II. Area of a Triangle
(Page 622)The area of a triangle with vertices (
x
1
,
y
1
), (
x
2
,
y
2
), and (
x
3
,
y
3
) isArea =21
±
where the symbol
±
indicates that the appropriate sign should bechosen to yield a positive area.
Example 2:
Find the area of a triangle whose vertices are(
3, 1), (2, 4), and (5,
3).22 square units

What you should learn
How to use Cramer’sRule to solve systems of linear equations
What you should learn
How to use determinantsto find the areas of triangles
x
1

y
1
1

x
2

y
2
1

x
3

y
3
1

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