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10-9

10-9

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Published by: sarasmile2009 on May 08, 2008
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05/09/2014

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Section 10.9
 
 
Polar Equations of Conics
 
185
Name______________________________________________ 
 
Larson/Hostetler
Precalculus/Precalculus with Limits Notetaking Guide
IAECopyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
 
Section 10.9 Polar Equations of Conics
Objective:
In this lesson you learned how to define a conic in terms of eccentricity and to write equations of conics in polar form.
I. Alternative Definition of Conics
(Page 793)The locus of a point in the plane that moves so that its distancefrom a fixed point (focus) is in a constant ratio to its distancefrom a fixed line (directrix) is aconic. The constantratio is theeccentricityof the conic and isdenoted by
e
. Morever, the conic is an ellipse if 
e
< 1,a parabola if 
e
= 1, and a hyperbola if 
e
> 1.For each type of conic, thefocusis at the pole.
II. Polar Equations of Conics
(Pages 793
795)The graph of the polar equation
=
ep
 /(1 +
e
cos
θ 
)is a conic with a vertical directrix to the right of the pole, where
e
> 0 is the eccentricity and |
 p
| is the distance between the focus(pole) and the directrix.The graph of the polar equation
=
ep
 /(1
 
e
cos
θ 
)is a conic with a vertical directrix to the left of the pole, where
e
> 0 is the eccentricity and |
 p
| is the distance between the focus(pole) and the directrix.The graph of the polar equation
=
ep
 /(1 +
e
sin
θ 
)is a conic with a horizontal directrix above the pole, where
e
> 0is the eccentricity and |
 p
| is the distance between the focus(pole) and the directrix.
 
What you should learn
How to define conics interms of eccentricity
What you should learn
How to write and graphequations of conics inpolar form

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