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Protection of Substation

Protection of Substation

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Published by ARVIND
different schemes used in indian substation for protection
different schemes used in indian substation for protection

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Published by: ARVIND on Mar 29, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/14/2013

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PROTECTION OF SUBSTATIONPROTECTION OF SUBSTATION
 
Introduction Introduction 
A Substation covers various equipment such as CircuitBreakers, Isolators, Earth Switches, Lightning Arresters,Grounding System and etc.Protection scheme is designed to limit the effects of disturbances in the power system which is allowed to persist,may damage plant and interrupt the supply of electric energy.The greatest threat to the security of a power supplystation is short circuit which imposes sudden and violentchange in he power system. Rapid isolation of the fault bynearest switchgear will minimize the damage. It coversvarious types of protection used in switchyard such as relays,circuit breakers and etc.
 
 ELECTRICAL SUBSTATION  ELECTRICAL SUBSTATION 
An electrical substation is a subsidiary station of electricity generation,An electrical substation is a subsidiary station of electricity generation,transmission and distribution system where voltage is transformed from hightransmission and distribution system where voltage is transformed from highto low or low to high using transformers.to low or low to high using transformers.Substations generally contains transformers and have switching,Substations generally contains transformers and have switching, protection and control equipment. In large substations, circuit breakers are protection and control equipment. In large substations, circuit breakers areused to interrupt any shortused to interrupt any short--circuits or overloaded currents that may occur oncircuits or overloaded currents that may occur on the network. Smaller distribution stations may use recloser circuit breakers or the network. Smaller distribution stations may use recloser circuit breakers or fuses for protection of branch circuits.fuses for protection of branch circuits.

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