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LEARN WEIQI (GO), THE HARMONY CULTURE GAME, FOR FUN

LEARN WEIQI (GO), THE HARMONY CULTURE GAME, FOR FUN

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Published by FRANCIS FUNG
LEARN WEIQI (GO), THE HARMONY CULTURE GAME, FOR FUN

Presenter: Francis C W Fung, Ph.D., Director General, World Harmony Organization
Education: B.Sc. Aeronautical Engineering, Brown University
M.S. Fluid Mechanics, Johns Hopkins University
Ph.D. Aerospace Engineering, University of Notre Dame

From Shibumi, bestseller by Trevanian
Those interested in impressing others with their intelligence play chess. Those who would settle for being chic play backgammon. Those who wish to become individuals of quality, take up Go [Weiqi].

Weiqi, the ancient Asian chess game, is all about harmony philosophy and extending influence by people soft power. It is about sharing through extending influence and not confrontation. Also known as GO in some parts of the world, Weiqi is played by two with 361 equally ranked black and white stones (influences). Players take turns to deploy a stone of their color one at a time to gain more presence (influence) on a board with 19X19 horizontal and vertical intersecting lines (in the full version) representing potential points of influence. The objective is to extend influences across the playing board, and not to annihilate the opponent’s influence or pieces, leading to capturing the king as in western chess. When equally matched, players usually win by only a few extra stones on the board.

Weiqi is easy to learn and fun to play, but hard to play well. It requires good mental discipline, a deep philosophical attitude, and a multi-campaign mentality. Unlike western chess, the best known computer program still loses to the best Weiqi human player, despite the advances of computer programming. Western chess is basically a game of attack in which you must take your fight to the enemy to win; you will not win just defending. In contrast, with Weiqi’s objective of spreading influence, one generally only captures opponents if it is for strategic locations and when in ones acquired sphere of influence. It is never efficient to capture just for capture’s sake.

According to tradition, Weiqi was thought to have been invented by the first legendary sage king of China, the great Yao Shun, to teach his son to be a future wise king. To extol the harmony philosophy of Yao Shun, Confucius said in the Classic Zhongyong, “Great indeed is the wisdom of Shun! Shun likes to ask and to investigate the words of those who are close to him. He omits the bad and propagates the good. He holds fast the two extremes and uses the in-between for the people. This is what makes him Shun!” In Confucius’ harmony philosophy, from the two extremes comes the in-between. Only where there is a third that is the in-between of the two can the dispute be resolved and harmony be achieved. When there is no third, no in-between, the two will compete and fight with each other. This will lead to mutual destruction and not harmony.
LEARN WEIQI (GO), THE HARMONY CULTURE GAME, FOR FUN

Presenter: Francis C W Fung, Ph.D., Director General, World Harmony Organization
Education: B.Sc. Aeronautical Engineering, Brown University
M.S. Fluid Mechanics, Johns Hopkins University
Ph.D. Aerospace Engineering, University of Notre Dame

From Shibumi, bestseller by Trevanian
Those interested in impressing others with their intelligence play chess. Those who would settle for being chic play backgammon. Those who wish to become individuals of quality, take up Go [Weiqi].

Weiqi, the ancient Asian chess game, is all about harmony philosophy and extending influence by people soft power. It is about sharing through extending influence and not confrontation. Also known as GO in some parts of the world, Weiqi is played by two with 361 equally ranked black and white stones (influences). Players take turns to deploy a stone of their color one at a time to gain more presence (influence) on a board with 19X19 horizontal and vertical intersecting lines (in the full version) representing potential points of influence. The objective is to extend influences across the playing board, and not to annihilate the opponent’s influence or pieces, leading to capturing the king as in western chess. When equally matched, players usually win by only a few extra stones on the board.

Weiqi is easy to learn and fun to play, but hard to play well. It requires good mental discipline, a deep philosophical attitude, and a multi-campaign mentality. Unlike western chess, the best known computer program still loses to the best Weiqi human player, despite the advances of computer programming. Western chess is basically a game of attack in which you must take your fight to the enemy to win; you will not win just defending. In contrast, with Weiqi’s objective of spreading influence, one generally only captures opponents if it is for strategic locations and when in ones acquired sphere of influence. It is never efficient to capture just for capture’s sake.

According to tradition, Weiqi was thought to have been invented by the first legendary sage king of China, the great Yao Shun, to teach his son to be a future wise king. To extol the harmony philosophy of Yao Shun, Confucius said in the Classic Zhongyong, “Great indeed is the wisdom of Shun! Shun likes to ask and to investigate the words of those who are close to him. He omits the bad and propagates the good. He holds fast the two extremes and uses the in-between for the people. This is what makes him Shun!” In Confucius’ harmony philosophy, from the two extremes comes the in-between. Only where there is a third that is the in-between of the two can the dispute be resolved and harmony be achieved. When there is no third, no in-between, the two will compete and fight with each other. This will lead to mutual destruction and not harmony.

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Published by: FRANCIS FUNG on Mar 29, 2010
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LEARN WEIQI (GO), THE HARMONY CULTURE GAME, FOR FUN
Presenter: Francis C W Fung, Ph.D., Director General, World Harmony OrganizationEducation: B.Sc. Aeronautical Engineering, Brown UniversityM.S. Fluid Mechanics, Johns Hopkins UniversityPh.D. Aerospace Engineering, University of Notre DameFrom
Shibumi
, bestseller by Trevanian
Those interested in impressing others with their intelligence play chess. Those whowould settle for being chic play backgammon. Those who wish to become individuals of quality, take up Go [Weiqi].
Weiqi, the ancient Asian chess game, is all about harmony philosophy and extendinginfluence by people soft power. It is about sharing through extending influence and notconfrontation. Also known as GO in some parts of the world, Weiqi is played by twowith 361 equally ranked black and white stones (influences). Players take turns to deploya stone of their color one at a time to gain more presence (influence) on a board with19X19 horizontal and vertical intersecting lines (in the full version) representing potential points of influence. The objective is to extend influences across the playing board, andnot to annihilate the opponent’s influence or pieces, leading to capturing the king as inwestern chess. When equally matched, players usually win by only a few extra stones onthe board.Weiqi is easy to learn and fun to play, but hard to play well. It requires good mentaldiscipline, a deep philosophical attitude
,
and a multi-campaign mentality. Unlike westernchess, the best known computer program still loses to the best Weiqi human player,despite the advances of computer programming. Western chess is basically a game of attack in which you must take your fight to the enemy to win; you will not win justdefending. In contrast, with Weiqi’s objective of spreading influence, one generally onlycaptures opponents if it is for strategic locations and when in ones acquired sphere of influence. It is never efficient to capture just for capture’s sake.According to tradition, Weiqi was thought to have been invented by the first legendarysage king of China, the great Yao Shun, to teach his son to be a future wise king. To extolthe harmony philosophy of Yao Shun, Confucius said in the Classic
 Zhongyong,
“Greatindeed is the wisdom of Shun! Shun likes to ask and to investigate the words of thosewho are close to him. He omits the bad and propagates the good. He holds fast the twoextremes and uses the in-between for the people. This is what makes him Shun!” InConfucius’ harmony philosophy, from the two extremes comes the in-between. Onlywhere
 
there is a third that is the in-between of the two can the dispute be resolved andharmony be achieved. When there is no third, no in-between, the two will compete andfight with each other. This will lead to mutual destruction and not harmony.In ancient China, Weiqi was given the second most important position as the “mustlearn” discipline, along with Ku Zeng, poetry, and calligraphy, for accomplishedscholars. Both Confucius and Lao Tze considered playing Weiqi as an important
 
accomplishment for a Confucian scholar. In Asia there were also important talentedladies recorded in history who excelled in playing Weiqi. Today it is played for fun and big prize money. In modern Japan, Weiqi has attracted as many amateur female as wellas male players.In modern days, among some learned circles in both East and West, Weiqi is consideredas must training of business acumen for prospective entrepreneurs, along with readingSun Tzu’s “Art of War”. It is also a recommended game at the U.S. Military Academy atWest Point for counterterrorist
 
influence training. For today’s multilateral world, Weiqiis essential training for our youth to learn how to share in a multi-ethnic and multicultural planet. Weiqi exercises both sides of our brains in spatial and analytical skills andcultivates our use of nonconfrontational soft approaches. It will be a desirable skill thatwill enable us to live in harmony with ourselves and with the world around us. It is adiplomat’s game to learn for the 21
st
century multilateral world.In this workshop, we will do a lot of practice playing between beginner students guided by experienced teacher players. By the end of this short workshop, you will have astrong feeling of accomplishment in playing and will come away with a good sense of Weiqi harmony
 
culture. Ultimately, the play of Weiqi is a shared negotiation and notsimply outright conquest nor religious influence combined with military power, as inWestern chess. — photo from WikipediaDr. Fung is an aerospace engineer by profession. His multidiscipline experience includesenergy and harmony research, U.S. – China technology transfer, academic teaching of fluid mechanics, international commerce, and creative thinking. As Director General of the World Harmony Organization, he is a prolific writer. His articles on HarmonyRenaissance, Harmony Culture, Harmony Diplomacy, Harmony Governance, andHarmony Faith appear regularly worldwide on leading international media and websites.
 
BEGINNER WEIQI (GO) AND INTERACTIVE PLAYING 
THE CLASS WILL BE CONDUCTED IN ENGLISH WITH BOTH ENGLISH AND CHINESETERMS. STUDENTS WILL BE GIVEN A LOT OF OPPORTUNITY TO PLAY WEIQI WITHTEACHER GUIDANCE. THROUGHOUT THE COURSE, WEIQI PHILOSOPHY WILL BEDISCUSSED BY STUDENT PARTICIPATION USING KNOWLEDGE LEARNED FROMTHE CLASS AND OUTSIDE READING.THE CLASSES WILL BE CONDUCTED WITH INTERACTIVE EXAMPLES ANDLECTURES ON HISTORY AND THE WEIQI HARMONY PHILOSOPHY. (FOR EXAMPLES, SEE INTRODUCTION AND WEIQI QUOTABLE VIEWS HANDOUT.)STUDENTS WILL BE GIVEN EXERCISES TO PRACTICE AFTER CLASSES.
1)
WEIQI AND PHILOSOPHY INTRODUCTION; LEARN TO MAKE A WEIQIBOARD2)THE RULES OF WEIQI AND DEMONSTRATION GAMES3)ELEMENTARY TACTICS AND STRATEGY4)GRAND STRATEGY AND PLAYING5)EXAMPLE GAMES WITH COMMENTARY AND INTERACTIVE TEACHING
6)
CLASS TOURNAMENT AND SPEECH CONTEST; PRIZE AWARDS FOR TOURNAMENT, SPEECH, AND PARTICIPATION WINNERS.THREE EQUAL HONOR CLASS PRIZES OF YOUNZI CHESS STONES SETS WITHWOODEN BOWLS WILL BE AWARDED TO THREE TOP-PERFORMING STUDENTS.YOUNZI STONES ARE CLASSIC CHINESE STONES FROM YUNNAN PROVINCE USEDIN CHINESE WEIQI TOURNAMENTS. PRIZES WILL BE DONATED BY CLASSSPONSOR.THE SPEECH COMPETITION TOPIC WILL BE “WHAT I HAVE LEARNED FROMPLAYING WEIQI”, A WRITTEN SPEECH OF ABOUT 5 MINUTES. WINNER WILL BESELECTED BY STUDENT VOTING. THE SECOND EQUAL PRIZE FOR TOP CLASSPARTICIPATION AND MOST HELPFUL STUDENT WILL ALSO BE SELECTED BYSTUDENT VOTING. THE TOURNAMENT WINNER WILL BE AWARDED THEREMAINING WEIQI SET.THE LAST CLASS WILL BE THE AWARD CEREMONY WHEN THE TOP THREESELECTED SPEECHES WILL BE DELIVERED. PARENTS OF THE CLASS STUDENTSARE INVITED TO ATTEND.
Francis C W Fung, Ph.D.Director GeneralWorld Harmony OrganizationSan Francisco, CAEdited by James C Townsend, Ph.D.Director, World Harmony Organizationfrancis@worldharmonyorg.net 

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