3with just the paper and shadow of the grid visible from outside the house. The western style is to have 2identical grid-works with the paper sandwiched in the center. Fine, thin silk cloth is occasionally usedinstead of paper.Shoji can be designed in many different ways depending on the design of the lattice frame. There areshoji called
, or snow viewing shoji which incorporate a glass window in the lower portion of the door, a vertical shoji sliding panel can be raised revealing the window.As distinguished from the translucent screen Shouji
is an opaque sliding door. It is aninterior door used as apartition between rooms toblock eyes and as cupboarddoors. They are usuallycovered with a decorativepaper and are normally usedas pairs, or as pairs of pairs.
consists of awooden lattice understructurewith special Japanese paperpasted on either side. Theytypically have a black lacquerborder, and round indentedmetal door-pulls for openingand closing. There is air spacebetween the two pieces of paper that acts as insulation to help keep the room cool in summer andwarm in winter. Unlike the translucent
doors are madewith a heavier paper. The unique papers andclothes covering the surface of
alsodecorate the door and the room altogether bytheir pictures that varies from traditionaldesigns to modern designs.
first appeared in the Muromachi period(1392-1565). They were used to close off largespaces into smaller rooms and as closet doors.During the Azuchi-Momoyama (
:1568-1600) and Edo (
: 1600-1868)periods, military lords established splendid
fusuma: Sannoma Joraku Hall, Nagoya Castle's main keep