Technical Report Documentation Page
1. Report No.
2. Government Accession No.
s Catalog No.4. Report Date
4. Title and Subtitle
GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING CIRCULAR NO. 5Evaluation of Soil and Rock Properties
6. Performing Organization Code:7. Author(s)
P.J. Sabatini, R.C. Bachus, P.W. Mayne, J.A. Schneider, T.E. Zettler
8. Performing Organization Report No.10. Work Unit No.(TRAIS)9. Performing Organization Name and Address
GeoSyntec Consultants1100 Lake Hearn Drive, NEAtlanta, Georgia 30342-1523
11. Contract or Grant No.
13 Type of Report and Period Covered
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
U.S. Department of TransportationOffice of Bridge TechnologyFederal Highway Administration400 Seventh Street, SW Washington, DC 20590
14. Sponsoring Agency Code15. Supplementary Notes
FHWA COTR: Chien-Tan ChangFHWA Technical Consultant: Jerry A. DiMaggio
This document presents state-of-the-practice information on the evaluation of soil and rock properties for geotechnicaldesign applications. This document addresses the entire range of materials potentially encountered in highway engineeringpractice, from soft clay to intact rock and variations of materials that fall between these two extremes.Information is presented on parameters measured, evaluation of data quality, and interpretation of properties for conventional soiland rock laboratory testing, as well as in situ devices such as field vane testing, cone penetration testing, dilatometer,pressuremeter, and borehole jack. This document provides the design engineer with information that can be used to develop arationale for accepting or rejecting data and for resolving inconsistencies between data provided by different laboratories and fieldtests.This document also includes information on: (1) the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and Personal Data Assistancedevices for the collection and interpretation of subsurface information; (2) quantitative measures for evaluating disturbance of laboratory soil samples; and (3) the use of measurements from geophysical testing techniques to obtain information on the modulusof soil. Also included are chapters on evaluating properties of special soil materials (e.g., loess, cemented sands, peats and organicsoils, etc.) and the use of statistical information in evaluating anomalous data and obtaining design values for soil and rock properties. An appendix of three detailed soil and rock property selection examples is provided which illustrate the application of the methods described in the document.
17. Key Words
Soil properties, rock properties, laboratory testing,in-situ testing, subsurface investigation, data quality,data interpretation, shear strength, consolidation,hydraulic conductivity, modulus
18. Distribution Statement
No restrictions. This document is available to the public from theNational Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia22161
19. Security Classif. (of this report)
20. Security Classif. (of this page)
21. No. of Pages
Form DOT F 1700.7
(8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized