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A Polycentric Approach for Coping With Climate Change

A Polycentric Approach for Coping With Climate Change

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P Rsah Wkg Pap 5095
 A Polycentric Aroc or Coin wit Clite Cne
Elinor Ostrom
Te World Bn Develoent EconoicOfce o te Senior Vice Preident nd Cie EconoitOctober 2009
Bakgu Pap  h 1 W Dpm Rp
Prodced by te Reerc Sort e
Te Policy Research Working Paper Series disseminates the ndings of work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas about development issues. An objective of the series is to get the ndings out quickly, even if the presentations are less than fully polished. Te papers carry the names of the authors and should be cited accordingly. Te ndings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the authors. Tey do not necessarily represent the views of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/World Bank and its aliated organizations, or those of the Executive Directors of the World Bank or the governments they represent.
P Rsah Wkg Pap 5095
Ti er rooe n lterntive roc to ddreinte colex roble o clite cne ced by reenoe  eiion. Te tor, wo won te2009 Nobel Prize in Econoic Science, re ttinle olicie doted only t  lobl cle re nliely to enerte fcient trt on citizen nd r ott collective ction cn te lce in  coreenivend trnrent nner tt will eectively redcelobl wrin. Frterore, ily recoendin inle overnentl nit to olve lobl collectivection roble i inerently we bece o ree-rider roble. For exle, te Crbon DeveloentMecni (CDM) cn be ‘ed’ in wy tt ie rice o ntrl reorce nd in oe ce cnled to rter ntrl reorce exloittion. Soe wre lo noticeble in te Redcin Eiion roDeorettion nd Foret Derdtion in DeveloinContrie (REDD) ror. Bot te CDM ndREDD re vlnerble to te ree-rider roble. A nlterntive, te er rooe  olycentric roc tvrio level wit ctive overit o locl, reionl, ndTi er—rered   bcrond er to te World Bn’
World Development Report 2010: Development in aChanging Climate 
—i  rodct o te Develoent Econoic Vice Preidency. Te view exreed in ti er retoe o te tor nd do not reect te view o te World Bn or it flited orniztion. Policy Reerc WorinPer re lo oted on te Web t tt://econ.worldbn.or. Te tor y be contrcted t reerc@worldbn.or.ntionl teolder. Eort to redce lobl reenoe eiion re  clic collective ction roble tti bet ddreed t ltile cle nd level. Givente lowne nd conict involved in cievin  lobloltion to clite cne, reconizin te otentil orbildin  ore eective wy o redcin reen oe eiion t ltile level i n iortnt teorwrd. A olycentric roc  te in dvnteo encorin exerientl eort t ltile level,ledin to te develoent o etod or ein tebenet nd cot o rticlr trteie doted in onetye o ecoyte nd cored to relt obtined inoter ecoyte. Bildin  tron coitent to nd wy o redcin individl eiion i n iortnteleent or coin wit ti roble, nd vinoter lo te reonibility cn be ore eectively nderten in ll- to edi-cle overnnce nittt re lined toeter tro inortion networnd onitorin t ll level. Ti er w rered  bcrond er or te 200 World DeveloentReort on Clite Cne.
Elinor Ostrom
Workshop in Political Theory and Policy AnalysisIndiana UniversityCenter for the Study of Institutional DiversityArizona State University
Report prepared for the WDR2010 Core Team, Development and Economics ResearchGroup, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433. Thanks to JimmyWalker for several discussions of the questions raised in this report and to Patty Lezottefor her excellent editing help and to the National Science Foundation for researchsupport.
Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis
Indiana University, 513 North Park, Bloomington, IN 47408-3895 USA
812.855.0441 / fax: 812.855.3150 / workshop@indiana.edu / www.indiana.edu/~workshop

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