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Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion

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Published by ARVIND

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Published by: ARVIND on Mar 30, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/18/2014

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A TECHNICAL PAPER PRESENTATION ON
PRESENTED BY:
R.BALAJI D.BHANUPRAKASH balajiicon1987@gmail.combhanuprakash_210@yahoo.co.in
ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
 
A NONCONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCE
 
ABSTRACT
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) is an energy technology thatconverts solar radiation to electric power. OTEC systems use the ocean's naturalthermal gradient—the fact that the ocean's layers of water have different temperatures todrive a power-producing cycle. As long as the temperature between the warm surfacewater and the cold deep water differs by about 20°C (36°F), an OTEC system can produce a significant amount of power, with little impact on the surroundingenvironment.The distinctive feature of OTEC energy systems is that the end products includenot only energy in the form of electricity, but several other synergistic products. The principle design objective was to minimize plan cost by minimizing plant mass, andtaking maximum advantage of minimal warm and cold water flows. Power is convertedto high voltage DC, and is cabled to shore for conversion to AC and integration into thelocal power distribution network.The oceans are thus a vast renewable energy resource, with the potential to helpus produce billions of watts of electric power.
 
OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION
Oceans cover more than 70% of Earth's surface, making them the world's largestsolar collectors. The sun's heat warms the surface water a lot more than the deep oceanwater, and this temperature difference creates thermal energy. Just a small portion of theheat trapped in the ocean could power the world.
I. INTRODUCTION TO OCEAN ENERGY:
Most people have been witness to the awesome power of the world's oceans. For least a thousand years, scientists and inventors have watched ocean waves explodeagainst coastal shores, felt the pull of ocean tides, and dreamed of harnessing theseforces. But it's only been in the last century that scientists and engineers have begun tolook at capturing ocean energy to make electricity.The ocean can produce two types of energy:
thermal energy
from the sun's heat,and
mechanical energy
from the tides and waves. Ocean thermal energy is used for manyapplications, including electricity generation. Ocean mechanical energy is quite differentfrom ocean thermal energy. Even though the sun affects all ocean activity, tides aredriven primarily by the gravitational pull of the moon, and waves are driven primarily bythe winds. As a result, tides and waves are sporadic sources of energy, while ocean

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