OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION
Oceans cover more than 70% of Earth's surface, making them the world's largestsolar collectors. The sun's heat warms the surface water a lot more than the deep oceanwater, and this temperature difference creates thermal energy. Just a small portion of theheat trapped in the ocean could power the world.
I. INTRODUCTION TO OCEAN ENERGY:
Most people have been witness to the awesome power of the world's oceans. For least a thousand years, scientists and inventors have watched ocean waves explodeagainst coastal shores, felt the pull of ocean tides, and dreamed of harnessing theseforces. But it's only been in the last century that scientists and engineers have begun tolook at capturing ocean energy to make electricity.The ocean can produce two types of energy:
from the sun's heat,and
from the tides and waves. Ocean thermal energy is used for manyapplications, including electricity generation. Ocean mechanical energy is quite differentfrom ocean thermal energy. Even though the sun affects all ocean activity, tides aredriven primarily by the gravitational pull of the moon, and waves are driven primarily bythe winds. As a result, tides and waves are sporadic sources of energy, while ocean