Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
51Activity
P. 1
mobile phone controlled electrical device switching

mobile phone controlled electrical device switching

Ratings: (0)|Views: 2,217|Likes:
Published by Vinoth
Final year project report
Final year project report

More info:

Published by: Vinoth on Mar 30, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/12/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 1
1.INTRODUCTION
Consider the basic electrical parameters. That electrical parameters are allcontrolled by wired system but the recent trend the wireless communication isreplaced by wired system which was very messy and difficult to setup how ever,the existing wireless system can cover up to certain range of area that is limited by the range of wireless module being used. This paper introduces theconceptual understanding and strategy of GSM standard to be deployed in anyenvironment. GSM will provide unlimited range of communication for thesystem as long as there are intermediate nodes that will pass the data from onenode to another until it reaches the destination. Prototype systems of electricaldevice switching are built utilizing GSM based sensor network to present aninsight for its practical implementation in smart home concept.This GSM is abbreviated by Global system For MobileIn this project electrical devices are controlled by sending a messagethrough mobile phone. Each device is connected to separate switching sectionand each assigned with unique code if we send particular code of any device thecontroller will on/off the device through switching section.
 
 2
3
.1 POWER SUPPLY SECTION
3
.1.1 Power Supply Unit
Every electronics system whether an entertainment gadget or a test andmeasurement equipment is requires one or more than one DC voltages for itsoperation. Power supplies are often classified as linear power supplies or switched mode power supplies depending up on the nature of regulation circuit.In our project linear power supplies are used, since the required DC voltages are+5v, +12v, & -12volts. Basic constituents of a linear power supply such astransformer, rectifier, filters and voltage regulators are discussed here. The linear  power supply block diagram is shown in fig.
3
.1.2.Function and operation:
The
 
main function of this linear power supply is to convert AC to DC.The basic principle of the linear power supply is following.The 230v single-phase AC supply is step-downed by the step-downtransformer. We are choosing 9v step-down transformer, because we require DCvolt as 5v. Always the transformer rating is higher than DC output voltage.
Step
downTransform
e
rR
ecti
ie
r F
ilte
r R
egul
a
t
or
 
 3
The
t
er ou
t
u
t
 
i
g
i
en
t
o rec
tii
er, where
t
he A
C
s
i
gna
l
 
i
sconver 
t
ed
i
n
t
o D
C
s
i
gna
l
Than
t
he rec
tii
er, ou
t
u
t
 
i
s g
i
ven
t
o f 
ilt
er because
t
herec
ti
i
er ou
t
u
t
has
t
he no
i
se s
i
gna
l
Th
i
s no
i
se s
i
gna
l
 
i
s
ilt
ered by capac
it
or.The capac
it
or ou
t
 pu
t
 
i
s g
i
ven regu
l
a
t
or I
C
, where
t
he capac
it
or ou
t
 pu
t
vo
lt
age
i
sregu
l
a
t
ed and ma
i
n
t
a
i
n
i
ng as cons
t
an
t
vo
lt
age. Th
i
s cons
t
an
t
D
C
vo
lt
age
i
ssupp
l
y
t
o our componen
t
.
Des
ig
exp
li-
er transformer:
I
t
s
 j
ob
i
s e
it
her 
t
o s
t
ep up or (mos
tl
y) s
t
ep down
t
he ac supp
l
y vo
lt
age
t
osu
it
 
t
he requ
i
remen
t
a
t
 
t
he so
li
d-s
t
a
t
e e
l
ec
t
ron
i
c dev
i
ce and c
i
rcu
it
fed by
t
he D
C
  power supp
l
y. I
t
a
l
so prov
i
des
i
so
l
a
ti
on from
t
he supp
l
y
li
ne an
i
mpor 
t
an
t
safe
t
ycons
i
dera
ti
on.A
t
ransformer 
i
s requ
i
red for reduc
i
ng
t
he nom
i
na
ll
y 230v ac wa
ll
ou
tl
e
t
 vo
lt
age
t
o
t
he
l
ower ac va
l
ve requ
i
red by
t
rans
i
s
t
ors, I
s and o
t
her e
l
ec
t
ron
i
cdev
i
ces. Transformer vo
lt
ages are g
i
ven
i
n
t
erms of any va
l
ves. The
t
ransformer ra
t
ed as 230 V
t
o fu
ll
cen
t
er 
t
ap w
it
h
t
he 230 V rms connec
t
ed
t
o
t
he pr 
i
mary,fu
ll
rms deve
l
oped be
t
ween secondary 1 & 2. A
t
h
i
rd
l
ead brough
t
ou
t
from
t
hecen
t
er of 
t
he secondary,
i
s ca
ll
ed a cen
t
er 
t
ap
C
T.
B
e
t
ween
t
erm
i
na
l
s
C
T and 1or 
C
T and 2 ,
t
he rms vo
lt
ages
i
s ha
l
f VAn osc
ill
oscope wou
l
d show
t
he s
i
nuso
i
da
l
vo
lt
age. The max
i
mum
i
ns
t
an
t
aneous vo
lt
age Em
i
s re
l
a
t
ed
t
o
t
he rms Erms by
 
Em=1.4(Erms)
T1TRANSFORMER1 54 8
230V,AC supplysingle phase,NL9V

Activity (51)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Biswajit Sarkar liked this
kamalahasanm liked this
Biswajit Sarkar liked this
Sayani Sarkar liked this
Zameer Hussain liked this
Patrick Torres liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->