.1 POWER SUPPLY SECTION
.1.1 Power Supply Unit
Every electronics system whether an entertainment gadget or a test andmeasurement equipment is requires one or more than one DC voltages for itsoperation. Power supplies are often classified as linear power supplies or switched mode power supplies depending up on the nature of regulation circuit.In our project linear power supplies are used, since the required DC voltages are+5v, +12v, & -12volts. Basic constituents of a linear power supply such astransformer, rectifier, filters and voltage regulators are discussed here. The linear power supply block diagram is shown in fig.
.1.2.Function and operation:
main function of this linear power supply is to convert AC to DC.The basic principle of the linear power supply is following.The 230v single-phase AC supply is step-downed by the step-downtransformer. We are choosing 9v step-down transformer, because we require DCvolt as 5v. Always the transformer rating is higher than DC output voltage.