4. Divide work nearly equally between managers and workers, so that themanagers apply scientific management principles to planning the work and theworkers actually perform the tasks.
Drawbacks of scientific management
While scientific management principles improved productivity, and had substantialimpact on industry, they also increased the monotony of work. The core job dimensionsof skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy and feedback in all weremissing from the picture of scientific management.
Advantages of Scientific Management style
On account of large scale production, per unit cost of production is considerablyreduced. By resorting to the measures of standardisation and effective supervision, better quality products are ensured. The division of labour is also given increased importanceunder this type of management because it strictly believes in the principle of scientificmanagement.The work is simplified and is carried out in the most economical and efficient manner.Scientific management is instrumental in developing health cooperation between themanagement and the subordinates thereby encouraging a cordial and harmoniousrelationship between the two.This type of management is also beneficial for the workers as they start getting higher salaries than before. The recruitment is also done on scientific lines and the right kind of man is chosen for the exact post. Scientific management provides proper atmosphere of work to the personnel. Proper working hours followed by rest pauses, adequate lighting,freshening air, ensuring proper safety, and provision of many other facilities etc are madecertain.Under scientific management the work is carried out systematically in accordance with predetermined plans. Wastage of time is reduced to a minimum and the quality of work isenhanced. Production operations are pre-established and this results in lesser productiondelays.
HUMAN RELATIONS APPROACH
The human relations approach argues that people are emotional rather than economic-rational beings; organisations are cooperative social systems rather than mechanical ones;and organisations are composed of informal structures, rules and norms as well as formal practices and procedures.The human relations approach represents a distinct break from the classical approach.However both share two important similarities. Firstly, they see organisations as closedand unchanged entities. Second and relatedly, they believe that they is ‘one best way’ of managing the organisation, regardless of the type, nature or size of the organisation, andthat their way is ‘the best way’