Rates of Growth and Development1.
Fetal and infancy – most rapid Growth and Development
Adolescent - rapid Growth and Development
Toddler - slow Growth period
Toddler and preschool - alternating rapid and slow
School age - slower growthfetal and infancy- prone to develop anemia
.Each child is unique
2 primary factors affecting Growth and DevelopmentA. Heredity
- nationalityFemales are born less inweight than males by 1 oz.Females are born less inlength than males by 1 inch
– quality of nutrition
– socio economic status
– ordinal position in family
– parent - child relationshipEldest - skillful in language and social skillsYounger - toilet trained self
Growth and Development occurs in a regular direction reflecting a definitive andpredictable patterns or trends.
A. Directional trends
- occur in a regular direction reflecting the development of neuromuscular function: these apply to physical, mental, social and emotionaldevelopments and includes:a.
Cephalo - caudal
“head to tail”It occurs along bodies’ long axis in which control over head,mouth and eye movements and precedes control over upper body torso and legs. b.
“Centro distal”-progressing form center of body to extremities.c.
- at side of body develop on same direction at same timeat same rate.
d.Mass specific “differentiation”
In which the child learns form simple operations before complexfunctions or move from a broad general pattern of behavior to amore refined pattern.3