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Statistika SMA

# Statistika SMA

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01/03/2013

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Ukuran pusat, letak dan penyebaran data tunggal
Contoh soal 1 (jumlah data genap) :
Berikut data penjualan minuman kaleng di sebuah kantin selama 12 hari :6, 5, 6, 13, 8, 6, 10, 12, 10, 9, 11, 8Hitung :
Modus
Mean
Median
Kuartil 2 (
Q
2
)
Kuartil bawah (
Q
1
)
Kuartil atas (
Q
3
)
Jangkauan
Jangkauan antar kuartil
Simpangan kuartil
Ragam (varians)
Simpangan baku (standar deviasi)
Ukuran JawabanMetode data barisanMetode tabel frekuensi
Modus

6, 5, 6, 13, 8, 6, 10, 12, 10, 9,11,8
Modus = nilai dg frekuensi terbanyak = 6Data568910111213Frekuensi13212111Modus = nilai dg frekuensi terbanyak = 6Mean
x=6+5+6+13+8+6+10+12+10+9+11+812x=10412≈8.67x=1.5+3.6+2.8+1.9+2.10+1.11+1.12+1.1312x=10412≈8.67
Median /Kuartil 25, 6, 6, 6, 8, 8, 9, 10, 10, 11, 12, 13Median
=x6+x72=8+92=8,5
Data568910111213Frekuensi13212111Median
=x6+x72=8+92=8,5
Kuartilbawah
Q1=x3+x42=6+62=6Q1=x3+x42=6+62=6
Kuartilatas
Q3=x9+x102=10+112=10,5Q3=x9+x102=10+112=10,5

Jangkauan Jangkauan
=xmax-xmin=13-5=8
Jangkauan
=xmax-xmin=13-5=8
Jangkauan antarkuartil Jangkauan antar kuartil
=Q3-Q1=10,5-6=4,5
Jangkauan antar kuartil
=Q3-Q1=10,5-6=4,5
Simpang-ankuartilSimpangan kuartil
=12x Jangkauan=12 .4,5=2,25
Simpangan kuartil
=12x Jangkauan=12 .4,5=2,25
Ragam /varians(
σ2
)
nXi2=12 (52+62+62+62+82+82+92

+102+102+112+122+132)

=12(25+36+36+36+64+64+81

+100+100+121+144+169)

=11712Xi2=(5+6+6+6+8+8+9+10+10

+11+12+13)2=1042=10816σ2=
21212
)(
n x xn
niinii
==
=11712-10816122=896144

≈6,22fi .Xi2=(1.52+3.62+2.82+1.92+2.102+1.112

+1.122+1.132)

=976fi . Xi =(1.5+3.6+2.8+1.9+2.10+1.11+1.12+1.13)=104σ2=
211112
.).(
        
====
niiniiiniiniii
f   x f   f   x f
=97612-104122=11712144-10816144=896144≈6,22
Simpang-an baku/ standardeviasiSimpangan baku
=2ragam=26,22=2,49
Simpangan baku
=2ragam=26,22=2,49
Contoh soal 2 (jumlah data ganjil) :
Berikut data penjualan minuman kaleng di sebuah kantin selama 11 hari :6, 5, 6, 8, 6, 10, 12, 10, 9, 11, 8Hitung :
Modus
Mean
Median
Kuartil 2 (
Q
2
)

Kuartil bawah (
Q
1
)
Kuartil atas (
Q
3
)
Jangkauan
Jangkauan antar kuartil
Simpangan kuartil
Ragam (varians)
Simpangan baku (standar deviasi)
Ukuran JawabanMetode data barisanMetode tabel frekuensi
Modus
6, 5, 6, 8, 6, 10, 12, 10, 9,11,8
Modus = nilai dg frekuensi terbanyak = 6Data5689101112Frekuensi1321211Modus = nilai dg frekuensi terbanyak = 6Mean
x=6+5+6+8+6+10+12+10+9+11+811x=9111≈8.27x=6+5+6+8+6+10+12+10+9+11+811x=9111≈8.27
Median /Kuartil 25, 6, 6, 6, 8, 8, 9, 10, 10, 11, 12Median
=x6=8
Data5689101112Frekuensi1321211Median
=x6=8
Kuartilbawah
Q1=x3=6Q1=x3=6
Kuartilatas
Q3=x9=10Q3=x9=10
Jangkauan Jangkauan
=xmax-xmin=12-5=7
Jangkauan
=xmax-xmin=12-5=7
Jangkauan antarkuartil Jangkauan antar kuartil
=Q3-Q1=10-6=4
Jangkauan antar kuartil
=Q3-Q1=10-6=4
Simpang-ankuartilSimpangan kuartil
=12x Jangkauan=12 .4=2
Simpangan kuartil
=12x Jangkauan=12 . 4=2
Ragam /varians(
σ2
)
nXi2=11 (52+62+62+62+82+82+92

+102+102+112+122)fi .Xi2=(1.52+3.62+2.82+1.92+2.102+1.112