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Chemistry Naming Ions cheat sheet

Chemistry Naming Ions cheat sheet

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Published by Tiffany Gallina

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Published by: Tiffany Gallina on Mar 31, 2010
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10/10/2014

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Monatomic IonsNon-Metals-
One charge only, ions receive the suffix “-ide”
GroupChargeExamples
144-C
4-
, Si
4-
153-N
3-
, P
3-
162-O
2-
, S
2-
17-F
-
, Cl
-
18no charge, do not form ionsHe, Ne
Representative Metals
-Most have one charge only, no suffix change
GroupChargeExamples
1+Na
+
, K 
+
22+Mg
2+
, Ca
2+
133+, but some have second chargeAl
3+
, Ga
3+
Transition Metals
-Most have multiple charges, roman numerals are used to represent charge, no suffix change
ElementIonStock NameClassical Name
ironFe
2+
iron (II)ferrousiron (III)Fe
3+
iron (III)ferricchromiumC
2+
chromium (II)chromouschromiumC
3+
chromium (III)chromiccopperCu
+
copper (I)cuprouscopperCu
2+
copper (II)cupricgoldAu
+
gold (I)aurousgoldAu
3+
gold (III)auriczincZn
2+
onlyzinczinccadmiumCd
2+
onlycadmiumcadmiumsilverAg+ onlysilversilve
Heavy Metals-
have group charge and group charge – 2
ElementIonStock NameClassical Name
indiumIn
3+
indium (III)indiumIn
+
indium (I)tinSn
4+
tin (IV)stannictinSn
2+
tin (II)stannousantimonySb
5+
antimony (V)antimonySb
3+
antimony (III)thalliumTl
3+
thallium (III)thalliumTl
+
thallium (I)leadPb
4+
lead (IV)plumbicleadPb
2+
lead (II)plumbous bismuthBi
5+
 bismuth (V) bismuthBi
3+
 bismuth (III) poloniumPo
6+
 polonium (VI) poloniumPo
4+
 polonium (IV)

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