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16 Sanskars

16 Sanskars

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Published by mba7108
Contains the 16 Sanskars described in the Hindu Mythology
Contains the 16 Sanskars described in the Hindu Mythology

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Published by: mba7108 on Mar 31, 2010
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05/15/2010

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Sixteen Hindu Sanskars
The way Hindu lives ,is wrapped around various rites called Sanskar. The Sanskar issaid to be helping for achieving spiritual nourishment, peace of mind and ultimatelymoksha. Sansar give a spiritual touch to the important events at different stages of aHindu life - right from pre-birth to post-death.These sixteen Sanskar are as follows :-
GARBHADHAN
 Garbhadana. All sources recognize this as the first Sanskar. This is the enthusiasticprayer for a child. This is done for fulfillment of parental duty to continue the race.This sanskar is limited to the family members. This is performed by husband.
PUNSAVANA
This second Sanskar is performed during the third or the fourth month of pregnancy.The significance of this Sanskar is to invoke divine and good qualities in the chield.According to our ancient Shastras, this ritual is performed in the desire for a malechild. The reason for expecting male child is believed to be in the belief that it is themale child who carries the Vansha forward. Like the first Sanskar i.e. Garbhadhan,Punsavana Sanskar is also restricted to the family members.
SIMINTONNAYANA 
This Sanskar is performed during the seventh month of pregnancy and prayers areoffered for the healthy physical and mental growth of the child. The other importanceof this Sankar is to free the expectant mother free from worries since the last 3months are very difficult for pregnant woman- both physically and mentally. On theday of this Sanskar, the expectant mother gets food of her desire.Only women areinvited for this ritual and the gathering is kept small The husband performs thisritual.
JATAKARMA
This Sanskar is performed at the birth of a child as a welcome sign to the new bornchild into the family.
NAMAKARANA
This Sanskar is performed on the tenth , eleventh or twelth day with recitation of Mantras. The baby child gets name on completion of this Sankar.
NISHKRAMANA
This Sanskar is performed when the child is taken out of the home for the firsttime.The reason for this Sanskar is to show obedience to the sun, moon, fire, windetc, -the Panchmahabhut .This is supposed to enhance the age and physical andmental development of the child.
 
ANNAPRASHANA
This Sanskar is performed on sixth month , when the child gets solid food for thefirst time. Mantras recited and oblations are offered to the various deities.
CHUDKARAM
This Sanskar is shaving the head of child. This is done in first of third year of thechild. The body of the child is protected and harmonized by these ceremony. Its alsoknown as Mundan ceremony. Brahmins chant Mantras for a healthy, long life of thechild. This Sanskar is restricted to the family level. During this Sanskar, the fatherfeeds honey to the baby and pierces the baby's ear. This ear piercing is supposed toenhance the memory of the child .
KARNVEDH
This Sanskar is performed in the firth or the seventh year or at the end of the firstyear with Chudkaram Sanskar.
UPANAYANA
This is the most important Sanskar , which marks the beginning of the next stage of life Youth. The word Upanayana means bringing near. The child is bought near to theGuru. This Sanskar is second birth for child - A spiritual birth. This Sanskar isperformed during six to nine years of child.
VEDARAMBHA
This Sanskar is done along with Upanayana. The setting up with the Sacred threadentitles the child to study the Vedas and participate in Vedic functions.The childcommences his journey on the road to spiritual life. This is contrasted with a life of eating, sleeping and procreating, which kinds of life animals also live.The child issent to Gurukul.
SAMAVARTANA
This Sanskar is performed before entering the grahstha ashram or the life of ahouseholder. This is performed at the end of child's study in Gurukul. The studenthas to take the permission of his guru before entering the ashram. After this theguru gives him important guidelines or tips for the grahstha ashram.
VIVAHA
This sanskar is entry into the second Ashram. The life as individual family begins.Entering this stage of life, man has to take on his duties and has to pay spiritualdebts by sacrifice , by procreating children and study. The bride and groom walksaround Agni hand in hand. The bride sacrifices grains in the fire and chants mantras.
VANPRASTHA
Man withdraws himself from all worldly activities, retires into the forest and prepareshimself for taking sanyas. This is the life of a Vanprastha.
SANYASA
A sanyasi renounces the world and leads a life of study and meditation by living on

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