This comprehensive treatment of environmental impact assessment (EIA)provides an authoritative contemporary review of theory and practice over thepast ten years. EIA is viewed as both science and art, reflecting the concernboth with the technical aspects of appraisal and the effects of EIA on thedecision-making process.Adopted in many countries, with different degrees of enthusiasm since itsinception in the early 1970s, EIA is established as a major procedure forassessing the environmental implications of legislation, the implementation of policy and plans and initiation of development projects. Enshrined in legislationin the USA, Canada, Australia, the Netherlands, Japan and, latterly, in theEuropean Community, EIA is an integral part of environmental management.The ‘science’ and ‘art’ of EIA are inextricably linked, but the distinctionbetween them is useful and is reflected in the organization of the book. Anintroductory chapter provides a short synopsis of EIA before Part II examinesmethodological aspects. Part III deals with monitoring and auditing of impacts,the evaluation of assessment, and with training requirements. Part IV looks atapplications throughout the world, including those in the Eastern bloc and inthe Third World. Part V reviews EIA in the context of international agencies.The emphasis throughout is on the post-1978 period, in view of several pivotalevents in the development of EIA in that year.All students, researchers and professionals concerned with environmentalimpact assessment will find this book to be essential reading.
is Lecturer in the Department of Botany and Microbiology atthe University College of Wales, Aberystwyth.