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Inside TYPO3 For TYPO3 4.0

Inside TYPO3 For TYPO3 4.0

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Published by: infobits on May 09, 2008
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Inside TYPO3
Extension Key:do c_c ore_i nsid e
Copyright 2000-2006, Kasper Sk\u00e5rh\u00f8j, <kasperYYYY@typo3.com>
This document is published under the Open Content License
available from http://www.opencontent.org/opl.shtml
The content of this document is related to TYPO3
- a GNU/GPL CMS/Framework available from www.typo3.com
Revised for TYPO3 4.0
Inside TYPO3 - 1
Table of Contents
Inside TYPO3...............................................1
Introduction.................................................3
About this document.....................................................3
A basic installation.........................................................4

The Backend Adminstration Directory, \u201ctypo3/\u201d..........4 typo3conf/localconf.php..............................................5 The Install Tool...........................................................5 Basic Core Installation Summary...............................8

Core Architecture......................................12
Backend........................................................................12

Backend interface.....................................................12 Initialization (init.php)................................................17 Global variables, Constants and Classes................20 The template class (template.php)...........................21 Other reserved global variables...............................23

Extensions....................................................................24
What are extensions.................................................24
Managing extensions................................................25
Configuration................................................................27

localconf.php and $TYPO3_CONF_VARS...............27 config_default.php....................................................28 Install Tool.................................................................28 Browsing $TYPO3_CONF_VARS values.................29 User and Page TSconfig..........................................30

Access Control.............................................................31

Users and groups.....................................................31 Roles........................................................................32 LDAP........................................................................33 Access Control options.............................................33 Other options............................................................39 More about File Mounts............................................40 Setting up a new user...............................................44 Overview of users.....................................................51

Backend Modules.........................................................54

Backend Module API................................................56 conf.php....................................................................58 The Module script.....................................................62 Function Menu modules...........................................63 Creating new backend scripts..................................64 Initialize TYPO3 backend in a PHP shell script (CLI

mode).......................................................................65
Database.......................................................................66

Introduction...............................................................66 Relational Database Structure.................................67 Upgrade table/field definitions..................................67

Versioning and Workspaces.......................................70
Versioning in TYPO3................................................70
Workspaces..............................................................72
Using versioning and workspaces.. ...... ...... ..... .... ....74
Localization..................................................................86

Strategy....................................................................86 Character sets..........................................................86 How translations are handled by the system...........86 Helping translating TYPO3?.....................................87 Introduce a new language in TYPO3.......................87 Translation teamwork?.............................................87 Distribution of and contribution to language packs. .87 "locallang-XML" (llXML) files....................................88 "locallang.php" files (deprecated).............................89 "language-splitted" syntax (deprecated)...................91 How to acquire labels from the $LANG object.........91 Overriding LOCAL_LANG values.............................92

Context Sensitive Help (CSH).....................................93

The $TCA_DESCR array.........................................94 The locallang files for CSH.......................................96 The CSH pop-up window..........................................97 Implementing CSH for your own tables/fields..........97 Implementing CSH in your modules.........................98

Security in TYPO3........................................................99

Default security includes:.........................................99 Additional security measures you can take:.............99 Recommendations.................................................100 PHP settings...........................................................100 Notice!....................................................................100 XSS (Cross Site Scripting).....................................100 Security reports......................................................101

Files and Directories..................................................105

TYPO3 files and folders..........................................105 Paths in TYPO3 (UNIX vs. Windows):...................105 Filesystem permissions..........................................105 Write protection of source code.............................105 Changing the default \u201ctypo3/\u201d directory..................106

Core modules.............................................................106

List module.............................................................106 Info module.............................................................108 Access module.......................................................108 Functions module...................................................109 Filelist module........................................................109

General interface features.........................................110

Context Sensitive Menus (CSM / "Clickmenu")......110 Clipboard.................................................................111 Creating skins for TYPO3.......................................115

Appendix..................................................118
ImageMagick...............................................................118

Introduction.............................................................118 Filesystem Locations (rpms):............... ........ ..........118 What is wrong with ImageMagick ver. 5+?. . . . . . . . . . . .118

Inside TYPO3 - 2
Introduction
About this document

For most people TYPO3 is equivalent to a CMS providing a backend for management of the content and a frontend engine
for website display. However TYPO3s core is natively designed to be a general purpose framework for management of
database content. The core of TYPO3 delivers a set of principles for storage of this content, user access management,
editing of the content, uploading and managing files etc. Many of these principles are expressed as an API (Application
Programmers Interface) for use in thee xten s io ns which ultimately adds most of the real functionality.

So thec ore is the skeleton ande xten s io ns are the muscles, fibers and skin making a full bodied CMS. In this document I cut to the bone and provide a detailed look at the core of TYPO3 including the API available to the outside. This is supposed to be the final technical reference apart from source code itself which is - of course - the ultimate documentation.Inside TYPO3 - 3

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