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Northborough Road

Northborough Road

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Published by Lee Wright

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Published by: Lee Wright on May 09, 2008
Copyright:Public Domain

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02/01/2013

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o
BOSToNPOST
R O ,4..b
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)M-S-77
In Area no.
Form no.
91
1. Town Marl borough
Address
31 Northborough
_~_Zo_a_d _
Name
SamuelBro\\u00b7m House
Present useResidence
Present owner:Hr. hichael
Duplessis
3.Description:
23toryGambrel
Date 1760
SourcePub. Local Histories
StyleColonial
Architect
None
Exterior wall fabric_~~J.::.~:.
Clapboard
Outbuildings (describe)
None
----------
Other features
Central chimneyhas
been reduced.in si.:.ze,
dormers
are
a later
addition
Altered
Date
Moved X
Date 1803
5. Lot size:
One acre or less
Over one acre X
Approxi mate frontage-.1:Q ~~_._l; > _e_e_t
_
Approximate distance of building from street
40 Feet
6.Recordedby Ernest Ginnetti
OrganizationNarlborouQ h
Historical
CotnmLs s i.on
Date 9/18/78------
t
FORM
B - BUILDING
MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION
Office ofthe Secretary, state House, Boston
,~.;1.' _:
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4. Map. Draw sketch of buildirig location
in relation to nearest cross streets and
other buildings. Indicate north.
7. Original owner (if known) Cyrus Fe1 ton
----=-------------------------
.....
---
i
!~
Original use Farm
Subsequent uses (if any) and dates Residence
----------------------------
8.Themes (check as many as applicable)

Aboriginal
Agricultural
Architectural

The Arts
Commerce
Communication
Communitydevelopment

Conservation
Education
Exploration/

settlement
Industry
Military
Political
Recreation
Religion
Science/
invention
Social!
humanitarian
Transportation
x
9. Historical significance (includeexplanation of themes checked above)
;
SamuelBr-own '(vas born in1763 and with his \-life E1izab~~th had t~n
children.
This house was moved by SamuelBr-own from the Cyrus Felton
farm before
1803.
Mr. Bro~m at that
time was the onlY mason in all
the borough tovffiS.
He lost
his life
September
27, 1817in Sudbury
by falling
from the top of a chimney he was building
at the age of
54.His wife died in1841 at the age of74.
This humble dweL'Ii.ng is the last
gambrel roof house left
in the
city of any historic
importance.
10.Bibliographyand/or references (suchas local histories, deeds, assessor's records,
early maps, etc.)
Historical
Reminiscences
of Marlborough,
Ella Bigelotv, Marl.
1
1910.
History
of Marlborough
Mass. Charles
Hudson, Boston Mass. 1862.
t~:VENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET
Community
Property
Felton/Brown/Dunton
House
(Samuel Brown House)
Marlborough
Massachusetts Historical Commission
80 Boylston Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02116
Area(s)
AL
Form No.
91
Additional informationby Anne Forbes, consultant to Marlborough Historical Commission,
5/25/95:
ASSESSOR'S #79-2;
2.5 acres.
PHOTOS #95-11: 18and19
ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION.

This little 1 liZ-story house, with its flared-gambrel roof, is the only example in Marlborough of a mid-eighteenth-century gambrel-roofed Cape Cod cottage. The flared front plane of the roof sweeps down over a low-walled facade, three bays wide (a painting reproduced in Bigelow [p. 150] shows a facade with five bays.) The diminutive center chimney is a replacement for a much larger one, and the pair of small, shed-roofed dormers and 6-over-l and 6-over-2 window sash are relatively new. The main entry has a plain, molded surround, and a door with six recessed panels, and glass in the top two.

This building eventually took on the form of an "extended farmhouse". A 1 1I2-story, shed- dormered section with a long glassed-in facade porch links the old house to a larger, higher gable- end structure that may have been a barn. Both these sections were probably standing by 1900, although several of their additions, including a one-bay extension along most of the east side, may be later. Windows in these sections are 2-over-2, 6-over-l, and 6-over-6-sash.

The main house is shingled, and stands on a fieldstone foundation. The east sections are largely
clad in wood shakes, and the ell has a rubble foundation.
HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, cont.

The source of the 1760 construction date given on the 1978 inventory form is unknown. If Ella Bigelow is to be believed, this house could have been built as early as 1752. (Bigelow 180). The form and style of the house, however, suggest that it could have been built anytime in the middle ofthe eighteenth century. Its first owner was undoubtedly Lt. Jacob Felton (1712-1789), who came to Marlborough in 1738. He settled on a farm on the old "Great Road" (later the Boston Post Road) just east of today's Felton Street, at about the point where Route 495 now divides the west part of Marlborough from the rest of the city. He had two wives, Sarah Barrett, who died in 1742 at the age of 27, and Hezediah (Howe), whom he married in 1749 and who lived to be nearly 94 years old. It is most likely that the house was built shortly after his second marriage. Jacob Felton was a Selectman in 1777, and his rank of Lieutenant probably comes from service during the French and Indian War.

Jacob and Hezeiiah's son, Stephen Felton (1752-1827), was the next owner. In 1802, in preparation for replacing this little house.with a much larger one, he apparently sold it to Samuel Brown (1763- 1817). who moved it several rods west, to its prese.nt location. He and his wife, Elizabeth, raised their nine children here near what, in their time, was caned the "Brown School" (later the Rice School, for District #4). (Cont.)

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