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internet and web technology B.E. 6TH SEM I.T.

internet and web technology B.E. 6TH SEM I.T.

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Published by bhupeshpandey1
this note B.E. 6th sem info.tech. branch specially for c.s.v.t.u. bhilai
this note B.E. 6th sem info.tech. branch specially for c.s.v.t.u. bhilai

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Published by: bhupeshpandey1 on Apr 01, 2010
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11/02/2013

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Internet and WebTechnology Page No:1/206
Compiled by: Mr. D. P. Mishra Lecturer Comp. Sci. & Engg. BIT, DurgCell: 9229594625, e-mail: dpmishra@bitdurg.org
Introduction:
Internet is world wide collection of computer network
It provides access to communication services and access to information resources to themillions of users around the globe
Internet covers globe and include large international network as well as many smallerlocal area networks owned by any individual company or country
M/C or computer on one network can communicate with M/C or computer on othernetwork and send data file and other information back and forth, for this work M/C onnetwork must have to agree to speak same language
Internet Services/Applications
Remote login (TELNET)
File transfer (FTP)
Electronic mail (Email)
News (USENET or network news)
Hypertext (www)
Terminal Services
To receive and send emails
Read and post article in newsgroup
Download files to your PC
Chat with online users
Access online multimedia
Search the net for information
Contribute the articles and other materials
Do online shopping
Evolution of Internet:
In late 1960 US Department of defence started packet switched network ARPANET (AdvancedResearch Project Agency) or WAN now known as DARPA (Defence Advanced Research Project
 
Internet and WebTechnology Page No:2/206
Compiled by: Mr. D. P. Mishra Lecturer Comp. Sci. & Engg. BIT, DurgCell: 9229594625, e-mail: dpmishra@bitdurg.orgAgency) basic idea was to connect different geographical areas network and allows thetransmission in the form of packets
Challenges faced by ARPA is related with
Interconnectivity: It deals with transportation of information and for this software protocolis needed that could package and route the information between multiple site and for thisinternet protocol is evolved ie TCP/IP
 
Interpretability deals with application-to-application communication, itschallengeous because applications are running vastly on different hardwareplatform with different operating system & different file systems. Solution for thisis to develop standard application protocol that would enable application toapplication communication and be independent of computer platform e.g.mainframe based email program and PC based email program both are using samestandard
Evolution of WWW
WWW is huge collection of hypertext pages on the Internet the concept WWW is developed inSwitzerland by European laboratory for particle physics (known CERN) in the year 1989 . The firsttext-based prototype was operational in 1991. In the month of December 1991 a publicdemonstration was given at Hypertext 91 conference in San Antonio, Texas (USA). In the year1993, the first graphical interface software package called Mosaic was released
Internet Protocols: 
TCP/IP is The Internet Communication Protocol
A communication protocol is a description of the rules computers must follow to communicate witheach other. The Internet communication protocol defines the rules for computer communicationover the Internet.
Your Browser and Your Server Use TCP/IP
 
Internet and WebTechnology Page No:3/206
Compiled by: Mr. D. P. Mishra Lecturer Comp. Sci. & Engg. BIT, DurgCell: 9229594625, e-mail: dpmishra@bitdurg.orgInternet browsers and Internet servers use TCP/IP to connect to the Internet. Your browser usesTCP/IP to access Internet servers, and servers use TCP/IP to send HTML back to your browser.
Your E-Mail Uses TCP/IP
Your e-mail program uses TCP/IP to connect to the Internet for sending and receiving e-mails.
Your Internet Address is TCP/IP
Your Internet address "203.190.144.92" is a part of the standard TCP/IP protocol. (And so is yourdomain name "www.someonesplace.com")
TCP/IP is the communication protocol for the Internet.Computer Communication Protocol
A computer communication protocol is a description of the rules computers must follow tocommunicate with each other.
What is TCP/IP?
TCP/IP is the communication protocol for communication between computers connected to theInternet.TCP/IP stands for
T
ransmission
C
ontrol
P
rotocol / 
I
nternet
P
rotocol.The standard defines how electronic devices (like computers) should be connected to theInternet, and how data should be transmitted between them.
Inside TCP/IP
Hiding inside the TCP/IP standard there are a number of protocols for handling datacommunication:
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) communication between applications
UDP (User Datagram Protocol) simple communication between applications
IP (Internet Protocol) communication between computers
ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) for errors and statistics
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) for dynamic addressing

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