MPC MPC MPC MPC MPC
AR:-Aid OR attempt to aidMR: Purpose to aid in the completionof crime-Conduct: Purpose-Circumstances: Purpose-Results: Same as principleDEFENSES:-Withdrawal: (off the hook for thecrime)-Must neutralize effect of aid,OR -Provide proper effort to preventcrime-AR (2):1. Unilateral or Bilateral Agreement to commitor assist commission of a crime2. Over act (Only for NON-serious crime)-MR: Purpose of facilitating/promoting crime-Conduct: Purpose-Result: Purpose-Circumstance: PurposeSCOPE:-with whom was there an agreement with purposeDEFENSES:-Abandonment: (off hook for conspire And crime)-Must thwart success-Must be complete and voluntary-Withdrawal: (Starts statute of limitations)-Notice to all conspirators, reasonably adequate-AR:-Substantial step stronglycorroborative of criminal purpose-List of possible acts-MR:-Conduct: Purpose-Circumstances: Same ascompleted crime-Results: PurposeDEFENSES:-Abandonment: (off thehook for attempt)-Must be complete-Must be voluntaryAR:-Command, encouragement,request to commit, attemptor assist in a crime-NEED NOT REACHSOLICITEEMR:-Purpose to all elements(VIA Innocent agent =completed crime or attempt)DEFENSES:-Abandonment: (off thehook for solicitation)-Must prevent crime’scommission-Must be complete andvoluntary
Must Believe:-Immediately necessary-Protect against unlawful forceIf belief is wrong = on hook with recklessmanslaughter or negligent homicideDeadly Force okay when:-Believes necessary to preventdeath/SBI/kidnapping/rape-Unlawful escalation to deadly forceRetreat; must when:-Know that you can retreat to completesafety (rare)Others:Must believe other had the right to self-defense Must:Coerced by an unlawful threat thata person of reasonable firmness inDF’s situation would have beenunable to resistException:-If recklessly got yourself into situ.-“Lesser of Evils” Choice:-Believe conduct nec. to avoidgreater harm to self or others.-No CL limitations:-need not be imminent-can be human/non-human-not restricted to death/SBI-Available if self-createdrecklessly, but still on hook for reckl/neg crimesMental disease or defect causingsubstantial inability to:Cognitive:Unable to apprec. WrongfulnessOR Volitional:Unable to conform behavior tothe law.
-Objective:Look at what Govdid; would it cause areasonable person tocommit the crime.Purpose/Knowledge: Negates MR Reckless:Does not negate MR,unless wouldn’t have been reckless sober. Negligent:Does not negate MR,as negligence is based onreasonable person.Default is RecklessRead MR word forwardAR: Causing the death of another Types:-Murder: Purposeful-EIVHL: Between purpose andreck. (only for murder)-Manslaughter:-Reckless; OR -Extreme EmotionalDisturbance mitigation(otherwise would have been murder) [reasonableexplanation for EED in D’ssituation?]-Negligent Homicide: Negligence Non-Consent (GI):-What a reasonable personwould interpret as non-consentForce (GI):-Physical force or what areasonable person wouldinterpret as constructive force
-Proximate cause if what DF thought or should have thoughtwould happen,happened-UNLESS caused byunusual or unexpected causalmechanisms