A PLANE AREA
The derivation of load-stress formulas for torsion members and beams may require solu-tions of one or more of the following integrals:where
is an element of the plane area
lying in the
plane in Figure
represents the cross-sectional area of a member subjected to bending and/or torsionalloads.The integrals in
are commonly called moments of inertia of the area
because of the similarity with integrals that define the mass moment of inertia of bodies inthe field of dynamics. Since an area cannot have an inertia, moment of inertia of
area isa misnomer. We use the term because of common usage.The integral represented by
is called the product of inertia.
neg-ative. The moment of inertia and product of inertia are given the symbol
the axes aboutwhich the moments are taken lie in the plane of the area
Whenthe axis about which the moment is taken is perpendicular to the area
themoment of inertia is given the symbol
and is called the polar moment of inertia of the area.