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Plate Techtonics Theory or Expanding Earth Theory

Plate Techtonics Theory or Expanding Earth Theory

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Published by James Bradley
Remember both are THEORIES - not fact!
Remember both are THEORIES - not fact!

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: James Bradley on Apr 01, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/29/2010

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OSI Publications ± Page 1
 John L Person Nov - 2007
Ever since the human species developed the ability to retain a memory and consider athought, it has been interested about its origins and there has been more than one mind that hasgazed at the pinpricks in the night sky wondering about their part of the cosmos. Some havelooked back down at their feet and marveled at the round ball they stood on, all basically thinkingthe same thing, where did their home come from and how long had it been here.Current theory holds forth that our planet has been around for some 4.5 billion years, in otherwords a long time. Scientists today have calculated that each and everyone of us, standing still orlaying down are moving through the Universe at 264,120 miles per hour and if you believe thecurrent age, our planet has moved something like 9,277,457,990,400,000,000 (9.28E + 18) milesfrom its original position, as a layman in the art of geology I hold to the quote, there is only oneconstant in our Universe and that is change! Even if you subtracted the rotation of earth aroundits axis the number is 9.25E +18. In any account a large distance no matter how you measure it.As the scientific world increased, the thinkers around the globe began to try and answer someof their most basic questions not only about their existence but the existence of the universearound them and the world they stood on  as in most sciences their findings only increased theirquestions, whereas one simply answer would by itself create hundreds of unopened question,such is science.The idea of an Expanding Earth pushed its way into mainstream science back in 1938, whenthe physicist Paul Dirac suggested that the Earths gravitational constant had 
decreased 
 in thebillions of years of its existence, leading Pascual Jordon (a German physicist) with a modification of General Relativity to propose in 1964 that all planets slowly expand, recent measurement have allbut killed his proposal.The theory of an internal expansion of the earth has a small following, this in comparison tothe well accepted theory (
again a theory 
) of Plate Tectonics, being discredited by some prettyheavy hitters in the geological mainstream. Although they basically depend on the same bare fact,whereas they base their strength on the appearance of new crustal material bubbling forth frommid-ocean ridges, with one of their big differences being the absence of subduction (reentry of theearth) into the mantle between the plates a theory not subscribed to an Expanding Earth analysis.
 
 
OSI Publications ± Page 2
 
There is a large school of thought, along with some evidence, that supports a fixed-size Earthdue to subduction model, thus in their minds eliminated the Expanded Earth model.There are a number of models that have floated around in the Scientific Community over thepast few years:A: The Earth is shrinking as it cools causing lithosphere mountain building, and compressionalchanges.  This was popular for a time in the 19
th
century and faded after the discovery of radioactive nuclides which cause thermal heating, but as of late it also has been discovered thatthese nuclides are not evenly distributed throughout the entire body of earth, and they are onlyconcentrated in the uppermost crust whereas they cannot be the cause of the estimated 6000degrees K (10,800º F) deep interior Earth temperature.B: Earth has a constant radius with fixed and unmoving continents.  This theory was thegeneral scientific truth for most of the 20
th
century, prior to the widely accepted plate tectonic,continental-drift theory which came about in the late 60s and early 70s.C: A pulsating Earth.  This where Earth expands to form the mid-ocean rift zone crust andcontracts to form the mountain belts, in a sense surge tectonics, this doesnt have really the mid-ocean rifting, it has surge channels like lava-tube conduits.D: Earth has a constant radius and has continents which are mobile and drift around,periodically colliding and merging with each other to form super continents and then begin theprocess all over again drifting in new directions, all controlled by the mantles thermal convection.This the currently accepted theory known as Plate Tectonics (used to have a handle of continentaldrift, which I imagine sounded too much like a popular dance in the late 60s). The theory is basedon the creation of new material at the mid-ocean-ridges and its eventual removal in the deepocean trenches, with a major hole in it, as there are only a few places on the globe that have thesedeep ocean trenches, and in contrast there are far more locations of new oceanic crustgeneration  and the chain of events demonstrate that the required energy to maintain themantle convection mechanism is far too inadequate.E: Earth is Expanding: In this the continents originally formed unbroken single plate over thesurface of a smaller Earth and as the expansion of the Earth came about, the single plate toreapart, creating deep ocean basins, and a collection of individual plates, This expansion began todominate the Earth, it is believed this movement tool place over the last 200 million years, which isonly 4.44% of the Earths estimated age.In defense of the others, especially against the widely accepted
Plate Tectonic Theory 
, thecontinental drift model has yet to clearly identify or has general opinion agreed upon a mechanismor the horizontal plate movements. As objective geologists and many geophysicists state theirclaims that global expansion does not have any identified mechanism, they also acknowledge thatthe accepted Plate Tectonic and Subduction Plate Drift model is also missing anything remotelylinked to a workable driving mechanism, and are now coming to the conclusion (the objectiveones) that they cannot use this argument or reasoning to deny the existence of the EarthExpansion theory.
 
 
OSI Publications ± Page 3
 
In other words, Plate Tectonics is no more scientifically founded than the Earth Expansionexplanation of the geotectonism that is said to be happening to our home in the Universe. Thisis the question now facing the scientific mind today, which is true, Plate Tectonics or theExpanding Earth model?The scientific arguments are numerous against each, Plate Tectonic and the Expanding Earththeorieseven as person who has spend years in this field, I only understand some of them,leaving many far beyond my comprehension  as such the reader of this paper will have to bearwith me as I attempt to put to the pen what I was able to understand.
Some known facts:
During the mid-60s, deep-ocean drilling was conducted at the meeting point of the East/WestNorth Atlantic basin where if was found that the basaltic ocean crust adjacent to the NorthAmerican continent and to Europe was only about 140 million years old and as the drilling vesselmove along a line toward the mid-ocean-ridge the scientists observed that the rocks retrieved inthe drilling cores progressively grew younger as they neared the mid-ocean mountain range andthat the marine sediment deposits grew less and less.Volcanic rocks from the center of the mountain range turned out to be only a few million yearsold, at most! As they made their way past the mountain range the reverse was true, the age of thematerial increased in age, this including the rocks and the increasing sediments.Their conclusion was that the chain of undersea volcanoes represented areas of continuousextended crustal rifting and the formation of new basaltic ocean crust. Recent drilling hasconfirmed these finding. Another basis of fact was determined, it showed that North America,

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