Fychan was also an ancestor of King Henry VII founder of
the "Tudor Royal House"
The Griffith (Gruffydd) family had held lands in Wales fromthe beginning of the Welch Colonization until the time of William
the Conguerer and the Norman Invasion.
Williamthe Conqueror was born
October 1024 at the Castle
of Falaise, Calvados, France.
He was the natural son of Robert, the Magnificent, Duke of
(some more of our ancestors).
After the Duke's death in 1035, the Nobles accepted William
as a Duk
In 1055, he visited his cousin, Edward "The Confessor" King
of England and received fromhima promise that he should succeedhimas King of England.
When Edward died in 1066, however, Harold became King.
William"the Conqueror" aid his claimbefore the Pope and
western Christendomand the decision was made for himto invade
England and take the throne.
Alarge army of Normans was assembled and he set out to con-
quer England and claimhis right to the throne.
In the summer of 1066, he landed at Penensey, in Sussex,
England and on l4 October
1066, at the Battle of Hastings, he
defeated King Harold.
Harold was slain and William, having received the submissionof the English Nobles, was then crowned King in Westminister Abbey
on Christmas Day,
25 December 1066.
One of Williams Generals was Robert Fitz Hamon, who went
with himinto England.in battle.
He with his army, was sent for by Jestyn Ap Gurgant, Princeof Glamorgan, Wales, to assist himin the conquering of the Noble
and gallant Rhys Ap Tewdwr
(Tudor) Prince of South Wales.("Fitz" means "son of" in French, as does "ap" mean "son of" in Welch.
means "daughter of" in Welsh also. This was their meansof identifying thembefore
surnames came into use.)
n 1091, upon the Black Mountains of Brecknock, Tewdwr was attackedand his army vanquished.At thattime Rhys ap Tewdwr was slain.
He left a wife Gwladys, two sons and a daughter, Nest Verch Rhys.
One of the sons was in England in prison and the other one was Gruffydd
Gruffydd then kept the name as a surname. Later it was changed-to
Griffith. These were the ancestors of our WilliamGriffith
At the time of Rhys ap Tewdwr's death, he was the head of the Second
Royal Tribe of Wales and had been reigning for fourteen years. They lived
at Dinefor Castle and he was in his
90th year.Having accomplished this object, Fitz Hamon took possession of the
territory of Glamorgan, which was called Jestyn, and divided the spoils
between his twelve Knights.
One of these Knights was Williamde Esterling. St Donats Castle andManors were his share of the "Spoils".The name "De Esterling" gradually dissolved itself into the name of
The eighth in descent fromSir WilliamDe Esterling was Sir Edmund
By marrying Gwenlian Berkrolls, daughter of Sir Roger Berkrolls, he became by marriage, possessor of the lands in Gower,. East Orchard and
Edward and Gwenlain were the fourth great grandparents
(Jane) Stradling who married WilliamGriffith.The rule of most of Fitz Hamon's Knights, who had taken forceable
possession of Glamorgan, were of short duration. They just weren't sup-
posedtokeepthis landthat was not rightfullytheirs, sotheylost it.