What is a beam?
Beams support mainly vertical loads, and are small in cross-section compared with their span.Engineering diagrams adopt simple conventions to represent beams, supports and loads.This section deals specifically with the engineering design of beams. Although "
" is a wordin common usage for engineering design, it has a very particular definition. A
is astructural member which spans horizontally between supports and carries loads which act at rightangles to the length of the beam. Furthermore, the width and depth of the beam are "small"compared with the span. Typically, the width and depth are less than