REDUCED FOOTPRINT The plan is simple: Instead ofconcentrating its troops and equipment in only a few locations, theUnited States will decrease the number of large well-equipped basesand increase the number of smaller, simpler bases in morelocations.Marine Gen. James Jones, commander ofUS forces in Europe, described the aim as developing a "family ofbases" that could go "from cold to warm to hot if you need them"but without having the "small town USA"-feel, complete withschools and families that have typically come with such bases.Recognition of the rising opposition tothe US military presence around the world is also driving thesechanges. As early as in 1988, a US government commission createdduring the Reagan administration concluded that, "We have found itincreasingly difficult, and politically costly to maintain bases."Apart from those in the Philippines, USbases have been closed or terminated in recent years in Puerto Rico,Panama, and recently Ecuador, as a result of public mobilizations.Turkey refused to allow the US to use its bases for the invasion inIraq. Even in Japan and Korea, hostility to bases has been growing.
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