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Identification of Alcohols and Phenols

Identification of Alcohols and Phenols

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Published by SALIFU
ALCOHOL AND PHENOLS
ALCOHOL AND PHENOLS

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: SALIFU on Apr 02, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/28/2014

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 KUMASI POLYTECHNIC
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENTCHEMICAL ENGINEERING LAB. IIORGANIC CHEMISTRY PRACTICALS (CME 208)REPORT ON IDENTIFICATION OF ALCOHOLSAND PHENOLSBY SALIFU MUSAH (CME05061081)DATE OF EXPERIMENT: 12
TH
MARCH, 2010DATE SUBMITTED: 19
TH
MARCH, 2010SUPERVISOR: MR. ISAAC FRIMPONG
 
1
CH
2
OHCH
3
CH OHCH
3
C OHCH
3
CH
3
CH
3
CH
3
ethanol
(prim
a
ry)2-pr 
o
 p
anol
(s
econda
ry)2-m
eth
y
l
-2-pr 
o
 p
anol
(
te
t
i
a
ry)
INTRODUCTION
Sp
ec
ifi
c
gr 
ou
 ps
o
ato
ms i
n
 
an
 
o
rg
an
i
c
m
olecule
 
can
b
e
 
u
s
ed
i
n
 
dete
rmi
n
i
n
g i
t
s p
h
ysi
cal
 
and
 
che
mi
cal
pr 
o
 p
e
t
i
e
s. T
he
s
e
gr 
ou
 ps
a
e
e
e
rr 
ed
 
to
 
a
s
unct
i
onal
gr 
ou
 ps. Org
an
i
c
 
co
mp
ound
s w
h
i
ch
 
conta
i
n
 
the
unct
i
onal
gr 
ou
 p ±OH (
h
y
d
ox
y
l
gr 
ou
 p)
a
e
 
called
 
alcohol
s.A
lcohol
s
a
e
imp
o
tant
 
co
mm
e
c
i
all
y
and
i
nclude
 
u
s
e
 
a
s s
olvent
s,
d
u
gs,
and
 
d
isi
n
ectant
s.T
he
m
o
s
t
wi
del
y
u
s
e
 
alcohol
s
a
e
m
ethanol
 
o
r m
eth
y
l
 
alcohol
(CH
3
OH),
ethanol
 
o
eth
y
l
 
alcohol
 (CH
3
CH
2
OH),
and
2-pr 
o
 p
ane
 
o
r is
o
 pr 
o
 py
l
 
alcohol
((CH
3
)
2
CHOH).T
he
g
ene
al
o
rm
ula
 
o
an
 
alcohol
is ROH i
n
w
h
i
ch
 
the
R is
an
 
al
ip
hat
i
c
 
h
y
d
oca
rb
on
gr 
ou
 p.A
lcohol
s m
a
y b
e
 
looked
 
u
 p
on
 
a
s
de
ri
vat
i
ve
s
o
f w
ate
r, HOH. O
ne
 
h
y
d
o
g
en
 
o
f w
ate
r is s
u
 bs
t
i
tuted
  by
an
 
alk 
y
l
gr 
ou
 p, R. Li
ke
w
ate
r,
alcohol
s s
ho
w
h
y
d
o
g
en
b
ond
i
n
g. As
the
 
cha
i
n
 
o
the
R gr 
ou
 pi
nc
ea
s
e
s
the
 
h
y
d
oca
rb
on
 
cha
acte
o
the
 
co
mp
ound
 
ove
rs
hado
ws
the
p
ola
cha
acte
o
the
OHgr 
ou
 p. C
on
s
equentl
y,
the
s
olu
 bi
l
i
t
y
and
b
o
i
l
i
n
g p
o
i
nt
 
o
an
 
alcohol
 
a
e
 
a
ff 
ected
by
the
 
len
g
th
 
o
the
 
ca
rb
on
 
cha
i
n
 
and
 
the
s
ha
 p
e
 
o
the
m
olecule
. T
he
s
ho
t
 
cha
i
n
 
alcohol
s
a
e
s
olu
 b
le
i
n
w
ate
r, w
he
ea
s
the
 
lon
g
e
cha
i
n
 
alcohol
s
a
e
i
n
s
olu
 b
le
i
n
w
ate
r. I
n
g
ene
al
 
a
m
olecule
w
h
i
ch
is m
o
e
 
co
mp
act
(i.
e
.,m
o
e
br 
anched
) wi
ll
b
e
m
o
e
s
olu
 b
le
i
n
w
ate
and
wi
ll
 
have
 
a
 
lo
w
e
r b
o
i
l
i
n
g p
o
i
nt
 
than
 
the
s
t
a
ig
ht
 
cha
i
n
is
o
m
e
r.T
he
 
h
y
d
ox
y
l
gr 
ou
 p pr 
e
s
ent
i
n
 
all
 
alcohol
s is
a
p
ola
r
unct
i
onal
gr 
ou
 p. T
he
p
ola
ri
t
y
o
th
isgr 
ou
 p
allo
ws
alcohol
s
to
o
rm
h
y
d
o
g
en
b
ond
s.
Sm
all
 
cha
i
n
 
alcohol
s
a
e
 
a
 b
le
 
to
mi
x
wi
th
w
ate
r b
ecau
s
e
 
o
the
 
h
y
d
o
g
en
b
ond
i
n
g i
nte
act
i
on
s
that
wi
ll
 
occu
r b
et
w
een
 
the
 
h
y
d
ox
y
l
unct
i
onal
gr 
ou
 p
and
 
the
w
ate
r. If 
the
R-gr 
ou
 p
o
the
 
alcohol
b
eco
m
e
s
too
 
la
rg
e
 
ho
w
eve
r,
the
s
olu
 bi
l
i
t
y
o
the
 
alcohol
wi
ll
 
dec
ea
s
e
.
 A
lthou
g
h
 
alk 
y
l
 
alcohol
s
have
 
an
-OH gr 
ou
 p,
the
y
do
 
not
i
on
iz
e
i
n
w
ate
r, w
he
ea
s p
henol
si
on
iz
e
 
l
i
ke
 
ac
i
d
s (
donat
i
n
g
a
pr 
oton
 
to
w
ate
r). T
he
-OH gr 
ou
 p
o
alk 
y
l
 
alcohol
s
can
b
e
p
o
si
t
i
oned
 
on
 
d
iff 
e
ent
 
ca
rb
on
 
ato
ms
o
the
 
ca
rb
on
 
cha
i
n
 
and
 
a
e
 
cla
ssifi
ed
 
a
s prim
a
ry (1º), s
econda
ry (2º),
o
te
t
i
a
ry (3º)
alcohol
s
de
 p
end
i
n
g
on
w
hethe
the
-OH gr 
ou
 p is
attached
 
to
 
a
 
ca
rb
on
wi
th
1, 2
o
r 3
othe
ca
rb
on
 
ato
ms
attached
 
to
i
t
.
 
2
 
T
he
s
e
diff 
e
ent
 
alcohol
s
eact
diff 
e
entl
y wi
th
L
uca
s
ea
g
ent
 
an
d wi
th
B
o
rdw
ell
-W
ell
m
an
 
ea
g
ent;
 
hence
 
the
s
e
ea
g
ent
s
can
b
e
 
u
s
e
d f 
o
r id
ent
ifyi
n
g
the
 
cla
ss
o
alcohol
. T
he
elat
i
ve
 
ac
idi
t
y
o
 p
henol
s
can
b
e
 
u
s
e
d
to
 
cha
acte
riz
e
 
th
is
cla
ss
o
alcohol
s r 
elat
i
ve
 
to
 
the
 
alk 
y
l
 
alcohol
s.P
henol
s
a
e
 
a
o
m
at
i
c
 
alcohol
s, i
n
w
h
i
ch
R is
an
 
a
o
m
at
i
c
ri
n
g. T
h
is
ex
 p
e
rim
ent
wi
ll
 d
e
m
on
s
t
ate
s
o
m
e
 
o
the
pr 
o
 p
e
t
i
e
s
o
alcohol
s
an
d p
henol
s.P
henol
s
a
e
 
clo
s
el
y r 
elate
d
to
 
alcohol
s b
ecau
s
e
 
o
the
pr 
e
s
ence
 
o
the
 
h
ydr 
ox
y
l
(
OH) gr 
ou
 p.I
n
p
henol
s,
ho
w
eve
r,
the
 
h
ydr 
ox
y
l
gr 
ou
 p is dir 
ectl
y b
on
d
e
d
to
 
an
 
a
o
m
at
i
c
gr 
ou
 p, s
uch
 
a
s b
en
z
ene
.P
henol
 
co
mp
oun
ds
o
ten
 
have
 
cu
ri
ou
s b
ut
 
u
s
e
ul
pr 
o
 p
e
t
i
e
s. S
o
m
e
 
a
e
oun
d i
n
pr 
e
s
e
vat
i
ve
s
o
m
e
di
cat
i
on
s. T
he
 
che
mis
t
ry
o
f p
henol
s is diff 
e
ent
 
than
 
that
 
o
alcohol
s. C
oncent
ate
d s
olut
i
on
s
o
the
 
co
mp
oun
d p
henol
 
a
e
 
qu
i
te
 
tox
i
c
 
an
d
can
 
cau
s
e
s
eve
e
b
u
n
s.
 
OBJECTIVES1.
 
T
o
 
o
 bs
e
ve
 
the
s
olu
 bi
l
i
t
y
o
alcohol
s r 
elat
i
ve
 
to
 
the
ir 
che
mi
cal
s
t
uctu
e
.2.
 
T
o
d
ete
rmi
ne
 
the
 
cha
acte
ris
t
i
c
s
che
mi
cal
eact
i
on
s
o
alcohol
s
an
d p
henol
s
o
an
 
o
rg
an
i
c
 
co
mp
oun
d.3.
 
T
o
 
u
s
e
 
che
mi
cal
 
cha
acte
ris
t
i
c
s
to
dis
t
i
n
g
u
is
h
prim
a
ry, s
econ
d
a
ry
an
d
te
t
i
a
ry
alcohol
s
an
d
a
 
colou
te
s
t
wi
ll
b
e
p
e
rf 
o
rm
e
d f 
o
r p
henol
.

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