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Cement

Cement

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Published by dipeshshahvsn

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Published by: dipeshshahvsn on Apr 03, 2010
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12/15/2010

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1Dipesh N Shah: ID:dipeshshahvsn@yahoo.co.in
Introduction
Cement is an important
 
input for the construction industry for building houses,commercial complexes, and for infrastructure development.
Cement industry
 accounts for the second largest share (the largest being cigarettes) of the total excisecollection by the Government.India is the second largest producer and consumer of cement in the world, after China. In 2002-03, in India, the total
capacity
of large cement players (over 50cement players) was at around 139 million tonnes. (Large cement units accounted for over 95 per cent of total cement
capacity
). The cement consumption was around 107million tonnes.Around 95 per cent of the total cement production is consumed domestically and the balance is exported. The important end-use sectors for cement include the housingsegment (accounts for around 52 per cent of total demand), infrastructure projects andindustrial projects excluding roads(around 14%) repairs and maintenancesegment(around 18%) and government demand(around 15%). And demand fromroads (around 1%).
 
2Cement is a key infrastructure industry. It has been decontrolled from price anddistribution on 1
st
March, 1989 and delicensed on 25
th
July, 1991. However, the performance of the industry and prices of cement are monitored regularly.Cement sector has been a beneficiary of Government¶s increased focus oninfrastructure and housing. Cement has been witnessing a strong growth in the lasttwo years, due to a combination of the National Highway Development Project(NHDP) and the housing boom (driven by a low interest rate regime). TheGovernment¶s infrastructure related initiatives (announced during the 2001-02 to2003-04 period) will continue to boost cement demand.Over the next 5-6 years, the NHDP and the new project (road component alone) are expected to account for 4-5million tonnes of cement demand every year. This could result in double-digit growthin the cement sector over the next five years.
Capacity and Production
The cement industry comprises of 125 large cement plants with an installedcapacity of 148.28 million tonnes and more than 300 mini cement plants with anestimated capacity of 11.10 million tonnes per annum. The Cement Corporation of India, which is a Central Public Sector Undertaking, has 10 units. There are 10 largecement plants owned by various State Governments. The total installed capacity inthe country as a whole is 159.38 million tonnes. Actual cement production in 2002-03 was 111.35 million tonnes as against a production of 102.36 million tonnes in2001-02, registering a growth rate of 8.84%.
cement demand break up
52%
 
14%
 
1%
 
15%
 
18%
 
 
3year production(ton) %change Dispatches(ton) %change2003-04 11,70,10,000
 
5.1 11,67,40,000
 
5.12002-03 11,13,40,000
 
8.8 11,10,70,000
 
8.52001-02 10,23,60,000
 
9.6 10,23,80,000
 
9.72000-01 9,33,70,000
 
(0.7) 9,33,00,000
 
(0.6)1999-00 9,39,90,000
 
15.0 9,38,40,000
 
15.31998-99 8,17,39,090 6.9 8,14,06,430 6.51997-98 7,64,68,470 9.7 7,64,26,526 9.6Keeping in view the trend of growth of the industry in previous years, a productiontarget of 126 million tonnes has been fixed for the year 2003-04. During the periodApril-June 2003, a production (provisional) was 31.30 million tonnes. The industryhas achieved a growth rate of 4.86 per cent during this period.
Regionwise Cement Production - (ton)
 
M
onth
 
Northern Region
 
Eastern Region
 
Southern Region
 
Western Region
 
Central Region
 Mar-04 23,65,310 17,71,580 35,72,540 18,51,220 17,23,000Feb-04 22,29,690 16,00,350 29,87,750 19,67,200 15,41,760Jan-04 22,11,880 15,05,840 29,57,040 20,61,840 14,87,800Dec'03 20,76,340 13,72,400 30,22,700 21,00,540 14,85,660
Regionwise Cement Dispatches
 
- (ton)
M
onth
 
Northern Region
 
Eastern Region
 
Southern Region
 
Western Region
 
Central Region
 Mar-04 23,83,030 18,01,610 35,92,460 18,30,810 16,94,540Feb-04 22,54,710 16,14,450 29,25,270 19,82,770 15,20,450Jan-04 21,66,210 15,29,850 30,48,000 20,14,450 14,45,860Dec'03 21,39,730 13,57,140 29,23,270 21,25,350 14,01,240
Source:CMA

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