The poem's setting is a mythical "Faerie land," ruled by the Faerie Queene.Spenser sets forth in the letter that this "Queene" represents his own monarch,Queen Elizabeth.
is basically a technique of vision seeking to convey abstract and philosophical truths through concrete examples. In the sixteenth century it was theopinion of Puritan England that every literary masterpiece should not only giveentertainment, but should also teach some moral or spiritual lesson.
"It professes," Says Mr. Church, "to be a veiled exposition of moral philosophy."
It may also bedefined as a story with a hidden moral lesson. Its purpose is to convey some moral and religious truth in a delightful way. The readers are instructed and delighted at one and the same time. They convey metaphorically some spiritual or ethical ideas.
There are two levels of allegory present in the Faerie Queene.
ne level examines the moral, philosophical, and spiritual and isrepresented by the Red Cross Knight, who represents all Christians. It dealswith the action and interaction of virtues and vices. Religious allegory dealswith the important religious events of the age.
The second level is the particular, which focuses on the political, social, inwhich the Faerie Queene represents Elizabeth I.
s the more important purpose of the Faerie Queene is its allegory, themeaning behind its characters and events, so there is a deep underlying
spiritual and moral allegory
in the fairy Queene.
This moral and spiritual allegory mingles with the
of the book.
The good characters of the poem stand for the various virtues, while the bad characters stand for the corresponding vices, whose intrigues and warfare against each other symbolize the struggle of the human soul after perfection. The Redcross Knight, for example, personifies the single private virtue of holiness, while Prince Arthur stands for that perfect manhood which combines all the moral qualities; Unarepresents abstract truth, while Gloriana symbolizes the union of all the virtues in perfect womanhood. The Redcross Knight
who is appointed by the Faerie Queene
to assist lady Una in releasing her parents from the prison of Dragon is the