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Community

Community

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Published by akira_anna

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Published by: akira_anna on Apr 05, 2010
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MODULE 2COMMUNITY ORGANIZING AND PROJECT DEVELOPMENT
INTRODUCTION
 The very term “Community Organization” suggeststhat the community is central in the use of this methodusually linked to social work. The term “CommunityOrganizing” was first used by American Social Workersin the late 1800’s to refer to the specific work theywere involved in with settlement houses for newimmigrants and the poor.
Community 
 
Organizing
was the term used to describe their efforts tocoordinate services for these groups.Other definitions have evolved all throughout theyears and one will be the following:
“Community Organizing is a systematic, planned and liberating change process of transforming acomplacent, deprived and malfunctioning community into an organized, conscious, empowered and self-reliant, just and humane entity and institution.” 
[-Philippine Business for Social Progress (PBSP)]
Objectives
At the end of the lesson the students are expected to1.Examine the importance of communityorganizing in relation to project development2.Acquire the necessary knowledge in developinga project plan;3.Familiarize themselves and be able to expressthe steps involved in creating a projectproposal;4.Develop their planning skills by undertaking anactual project planning and proposal draftingsession
Community Organizing (CO) is a continuousprocess of:
Educating the people to understand their criticalconsciousness of their existing conditions;
Organizing people to work collectively andefficiently on their problems;
Mobilizingpeople todeveloptheircapabilityandreadiness torespond andtake actionon theirimmediateneeds towards solving their long term problems.[-UP College of Social Work and CommunityDevelopment]Collectively, the above-mentioned definitions suggestthat Community Organizing (CO) is both a
processand a method
. CO is a process in the sense that it isperceived as a progressive and forward movementfrom one condition to another. It is also considered as
 
a method because it consists of a dynamicallyconscious and deliberate undertaking to bring aboutsocial change.
A BRIEF HISTORY:COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION IN THE PHILIPPINESETTING 
 Through the Philippine Ecumenical Council forCommunity Organization (PECCO), CommunityOrganizing was introduced in the Philippines duringthe First Quarter Storm of the seventies. The grouporganized communities in the Tondo area where theprogram, Zone One Tondo (ZOTO) was born. Theprogram was replicated in other parts of thePhilippines, including the rural areas and was usuallyintroduced through church structures.Organizing efforts continued even when the MartialLaw was declared. During this time, CommunityWorkers began pushing for people’s participation andcommunity organizing became the tool for achievingthis. International Development Groups andgovernment both began to support and fundCommunity Organizing Programs. CommunityOrganizing began to proliferate.
GOALS OF COMMUNITY ORGANIZING
Community Organizing transforms a complacentcommunity to become self-propelling and self -nourishing.Community organizing is important because throughthis, people work together in an organized manner andbecome more effective when social change takesplace. But what, basically is community organizing for?Read on to learn the different goals/ purpose why thismethod is still being widely used in the different partsof our country, and the whole world.
PEOPLE EMPOWERMENT
IMPROVED QUALITY OF LIFE
LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT AND MOBILIZATION
SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION
GUIDING PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNITORGANIZING
“Go to the People, Live Among the People”
One cannot help the community towards itsdevelopment if the organizers stay and work withinthe comforts of an office/ school and do notintegrate with the people. 
“Learn, Plan and Work with the People”
 The people know better than any other outsiderwhat their needs and problems are. The communitymembers, with the assistance of the community
METHODPROCESS
 
C.O.
 
organizer, must be the one to determine theprogram appropriate to answer their needs/problems.
 
“Start With and Build on What the PeopleKnow”
Community organizers must begin with theindigenous resources, technologies and structuresthat the community has. Improve on theirstrengths!
“Teach By Showing, Learn by Doing”
For the community to learn effectively, the workermust demonstrate different procedures ortechniques and not merely give instructions.
 
“Not Piecemeal but an Integrated Approach”
Community organizing is an inter-relationship of various elements and factors.
“Not Relief, But Release”
Community organizing is a process that liberates acommunity from its
 
identified problems.
GETTING STARTED: THE COMMUNITORGANIZING PROCESS
As earlier defined, community organizing is asystematic process. This process, when expounded,shall consist of the following phases:
 
 
COMMUNITY SELECTIONINTEGRATIONANALYSISIMPLEMENTATIONPHASE OUT
MONITORING ANDEVALUATIONPROBLEMIDENTIFICATIONPRE-ENTRY ENTRY 
COURSE OF ACTION

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