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Tarot Origin Jodorowsky

Tarot Origin Jodorowsky

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Published by: Dew Nada on Apr 05, 2010
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------------------------------------------------------------------------ORIGINby Alexandro JODOROWSKY------------------------------------------------------------------------No one knows who created Tarot, or where, or when. No one knowswhat that word means or what language it comes from. Nor is it knownwhether playing cards come from it or whether it is the end result of aslow evolution which would have begun with the creation of a deckcalled naïbbe (cards) to which the MAJOR ARCANA and the COURTCARDS would have later been added. Unquestionably the earliestreference mark is the interdiction of the deck of cards in Berne in 1376.In 1392, it is mentioned in the books of Charles Peupart, treasurer of Charles VI, that Jacquemin Gringonneur of Paris was paid 56 pence topaint three gilded decks of cards. But that does not mean thatGringonneur invented Tarot. In 1377, a German monk named Johannesmentions a deck of cards which he saw in Switzerland. In Spain, thedeck of cards is first mentioned in 1378. In 1457, Saint Anthony refers toTarot in his "Treatise on theology". And in 1500, a Latin manuscript-"Sermones de ludo cum aliis"- comprises a list of the MAJORARCANA. Until the 18th century, Tarot is thought of as a game of chance and its deeper meaning goes unnoticed. Its features are copied,modified, mutilated, embellished, adorned with portraits of the nobility,they serve the court's ostentation. But in 1781, French author Court deGébelin rediscovers the Tarot (of Marseilles) and presents it in the ninth
 
volume of his "Primitive World". Adding a zero to Le Mat (the Fool),misnumbering the Hermit and Temperance, adding a leg to theMagician's table, modifying the Pope's scepter, drawing the Hanged Manstanding up, etc., he thus claims to correct the "mistake" of the originaland, ignoring his own inaccuracies, attributes to Tarot a purely inventedorigin: the 22 MAJOR ARCANA would be hieroglyphs from the "Bookof Thoth" saved from the ruins of Egyptian temples over a thousandyears ago... Ten years later, a soothsayer in vogue, the barber Eteilla"restores" the "meaning" of the Tarot of Marseilles and sets between hiswhimsical Arcana no less whimsical links with Astrology and Kabbala.Since then, thousands of books have been written to the effect that Tarotcomes from the Egyptians, the Chaldeans, the Hebrews, the Arabs, theHindus, the Greeks, the Chinese, the Mayas, Extraterrestrials,Superhumans, when one does not evoke Atlantis or Adam himself,suspected of having designed the first sketches! The word TAROTwould be Egyptian (TAR path; RO, ROS, ROB: royal), Indo-Tartar(TAN-TARA: zodiac) Hebrew (TORA: law), Latin (ROTA: wheel;ORAT: he speaks), Sanskrit ( TAT: the whole; TAR-O: fixed star),Chinese (TAO), etc. Various ethnic and religious groups, various secretsocieties have claimed authorship: Gypsies, Jews, Freemasons,Rosicrucians, Sufis... Influences from the Gospel and Revelation can beseen (in cards such as the WORLD, the HANGED MAN, theEMPRESS, JUSTICE, TEMPERANCE, STRENGTH, The DEVIL, ThePOPE, JUDGMENT), as well as Tantric teachings, the "I Ching" and theAztec Solar Calendar. Some see Tarot as being alchemical, cabalistic,astrological, arithmomancean. Every society, every esoteric group, everybranch of magic, every Initiate, every nationality, every artist then feelsthe need to finally paint the real Tarot... In the past two hundred years,over seven thousand new decks have appeared! Hundreds of ancientcards saved from libraries in order to retrieve the original cards!Out of this entanglement of limited, naive, fanciful, mercantile, pseudo-historic,romantic, schizophrenic, conceited or mitigated interpretations, out of this superposition of dogmatisms and Systems, finally springs the
 
TAROT OF MARSEILLES, an authentic monument, anonymous as isall sacred art...------------------------------------------------------------------------RESTORING THE TAROT OF MARSEILLESby Alexandro JODOROWSKY------------------------------------------------------------------------After studying Tarot for over 40 years, I met in Paris Philippe Camoin,who is the direct heir of the Camoin family, the last of Tarot of Marseilles printers in Marseilles. The origin of the factory dates back to1760; it was created by Nicolas Conver, who at that time carved themost celebrated Tarot of Marseilles, the Nicolas Conver Tarot of Marseilles (reissued in 1965 by Camoin House). From the outset wedecided to work together on restoring the Tarot of Marseilles such as itoriginally was. Knowing secrets facts regarding its history,manufacturing, tradition, symbolism and being in possession of originalplates, we were the only ones who could restore the original Tarot of Marseilles. We studied and compared on computer innumerable versionsof the Tarot of Marseilles, among which were the Tarot of NicolasConver, the tarot of Doodle, the Tarot of François Tourcaty, the Tarot of Fautrier, the Tarot of Jean-Pierre Payen, the Tarot of Suzanne Bernardin,the Tarot of Besançon by Lequart, etc. The difficulty inherent in such atask of restoration lies in the fact the Tarot of Marseilles is made of symbols which are tightly intertwined and linked to each other; if onemodifies one single feature, the whole structure collapses. One musttherefore be fully aware of its creator's plan and real intentions in orderto achieve such a work without danger. Back in the 17th century, thereexisted many printers of the Tarot of Marseilles. 18th century Tarotdecks were copied on those. Consequently one cannot assess that an18th century Tarot is the original Tarot. It is then easy to accept that eventhe 1760, the Nicolas Conver Tarot contains errors and omissions. Whathappened to all those 17th century decks? If there are none left, it issimply because people back then recycled used cards to make business

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