Studies have shown that the greater the reward, the harder, longer andfaster a person will work to complete a task (Lefton 132). Similarly, theharsher the punishment the more quickly the behavior can besuppressed and the longer it will remain suppressed. However, this isdoes not mean that an extremely harsh and unjust punishment willsuppress behavior. Punishment is best delivered in moderation, toomuch can be as ineffective as too little. In fact, too much of punishment may result in a behavior contrary to the punisher’s goals.Many events in history are witness to this fact. Events such as theAmerican and French revolutions started off because the rulers andconditions of living were too unjust.In addition to the strength, the timing is important too. Theshorter the interval, the greater the chances that the behavior will belearned. The frequency of consequences is the third important factor. The process of varying the frequency of reinforcements or punishmentsis called manipulating the schedule of reinforcement. There are fourbasic schedules of reinforcement:
: Based on time. A minimum amount of timemust pass between reinforcements.
: “A reinforcer is given only when a correctresponse is made after a set amount of time has passed