until the 1950s. As Canada asserted its political autonomy fromBritain, the federalgovernment increasingly used
on legal state documents and treaties. TheCanada Act1982refers only to "Canada" and, as such, it is currently the only legal (and bilingual) name.This was reflected in 1982 with the renaming of the national holiday fromDominion DaytoCanada Day.
Thefur tradewas Canada's most important industry until the 1800sVarious groups of InuitandFirst Peoplesinhabited North Americaprehistorically. While nowritten documents exist, various forms of rock art, petroforms, petroglyphs,and ancient artifacts provide thousands of years of information about the past. Archaeological studies support ahuman presence in northernYukonfrom 26,500 years ago, and in southernOntariofrom 9,500years ago.
) became a separate colony. Toavert conflict in Quebec, theQuebec Actof 1774 expanded Quebec's territory to theGreat LakesandOhio Valley, and re-established the French language, Catholic faith, and French civil law inQuebec; it angered many residents of the Thirteen Colonies, helping to fuel theAmericanRevolution.