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Geopysical Survey over the site of Acrehead Farm, Bavelaw

Geopysical Survey over the site of Acrehead Farm, Bavelaw

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Area ground resistance surveys were made over the site of the abandoned Acrehead Farm which had previously been plane-table surveyed as part of the involvement of the Society in the Scottish Rural Past Project. An aerial photograph of the farm site is shown as Illus.7.1. and the surveyed area in Illus. 7.2. The two surveys were made to record features at different levels below the ground surface; the first surveyed at approximate depths between 0.5 and 0.75m and the second between 1.0 and 1.5m. The printouts of the two surveys are shown in Illus. 7.3. and Illus. 7.4, respectively.
Area ground resistance surveys were made over the site of the abandoned Acrehead Farm which had previously been plane-table surveyed as part of the involvement of the Society in the Scottish Rural Past Project. An aerial photograph of the farm site is shown as Illus.7.1. and the surveyed area in Illus. 7.2. The two surveys were made to record features at different levels below the ground surface; the first surveyed at approximate depths between 0.5 and 0.75m and the second between 1.0 and 1.5m. The printouts of the two surveys are shown in Illus. 7.3. and Illus. 7.4, respectively.

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Published by: digitalpast on Apr 05, 2010
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10/15/2013

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E D IN B U R G H A R C H A E O L O G IC A LF IE L D S O C IE T Y
1 .
Sum m ary
G eophysical Surveys over the site ofp
-
A c r e h e a d F a r m , B a v e la w , M id lo th ia n
-
A rea ground resistance surveys w ere m ade over the site of the abandoned A crehead
F a rm

w h ic h h a d p re v io u s ly b e e n p la n e -ta b le s u rv e y e d a s p a rt o f th e in v o lv e m e n t o f the Society in the Scottish R ural Past Project.A n a e ria l p h o to g ra p h o f th e fa rm s ite is s h o w n a s Illu s .7 .1 . a n d th e su rv e y e d a re a in Illu s. 7 .2 .

The tw o
surveys w ere m ade to record features at different levels below
th e g ro u n d
surface; the
first surveyed
a t a p p ro x im a te d e p th s b e tw e e n
0.5 and
0 .7 5 m
a n d
th e
second between
1.0 and
1 .5 m . T h e p rin to u ts
o f th e tw o
surveys are show n in Illus.
7 .3 . a n d
Illu s . 7 .4 , re s p e c tiv e ly .
T h e m a in b u ild in g , w h ic h a p p e a r s o n th e s o u th e r n s id e o f b o th
printouts, m easures
a p p ro x im a te ly 2 0 m
E -W
b y
5 m
N-S. To the E
o f th is b u ild in g
is a less clear (and
p o s s ib ly la te r) a n n e x th a t m a y n o t b e o n th e s a m e a lig n m e n t. A
s e c o n d b u ild in g lie s
N-S adjacent to theN W
c o rn e r o f th e m a in b u ild in g . L e s s c le a r d iv id in g w a lls , w ith in
t h e m a in b u ild in g , d o n o t a p p e a r in t h e s e c o n d
survey and
p o s s ib ly
represent later
a d d itio n s w ith s h a llo w e r fo u n d a tio n s . A
significant low
resistance, to theN E
o f th e
m a in b u ild in g , in d ic a te s a p ro b a b le w a te rlo g g e d a re a th a t c o u ld b e th e s ite o f th e fa rm
w e ll. A p o s s ib le th ird b u ild in g lie s o n th eEside of the farm yard.
2 .
I n tr o d u c tio n
T he farm
lay close to the W
side of B avelaw C astle and to the E of
W e s te r B a v e la w
F arm ,
o n
g ro u n d
th a t
s lo p e d
N
to w a rd s
T h re ip m u ir
R eservoir.
N a tio n a l
G rid
R e fe re n c e p o s itio n s , p ro v id e d b y th e N a tio n a l L ib ra ry o f S c o tla n d M a p L ib ra ry , w e re
o b ta in e d f o r B a v e la w
C a s tle , E a s te r a n d W e s te r B a v e la w
Farm s and A crehead; the
last nam ed w as given asN T
16302 62927.F ro m
the first three nam ed the spot point
for A crehead w as calculated and plotted (see Illus. 7.2.).
A crehead
F a rm
w as
d e m o lis h e d
o r
f e ll
o u t
o f
u se
a t
th e
tim e
o f
a g ric u ltu ra l

im p ro v e m e n ts w h e n s m a lle r fa rm s w e re in c o rp o ra te d in to la rg e r u n its . T h e p ro x im ity of A crehead to B avelaw C astle probably hastened its dem ise as the surrounds of the castle becam e m ore an area of parkland than that of sm all-scale farm ing.

The surveys w ere m ade in order to augm ent the inform ation derived from the plane- table survey and area ground resistance m easurem ent w as chosen as a suitable m ethod o f in d ic a tin g w a ll fo u n d a tio n s . T h is

te c h tu q u e is d e e m e d t o
'r e s p o n d
w ell7 to sites
w ith 'm aso n ry
fo u n d a tio n s , p a v in g , c a v itie s a n d ro b b e r tre n c h e s ' a n d is 'u s u a lly t o b e
recom m ended'
( s e e
R ef
8 .1. ) .
G ro u n d
re s is ta n c e
m easurem ents
in d ic a te
th e
underground stone features that are not evident from the topographical
m easurem ents
m a d e in th e p la n e -ta b le s u rv e y .

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