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Mech Curves

Mech Curves

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Published by kasreedhar

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Published by: kasreedhar on Apr 05, 2010
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07/24/2010

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3.11 Recitation #11November 25, 2003
If there’s anything you’d like covered, please let me know.Also—please let me know good times to hold a review for the final. I wasthinking perhaps Thursday or Friday after classes end. Let me know if thiswould be appropriate. By email is fine. Today:Review vocabulary for mechanical properties of Materials.Go over stress-strain relationships, plasticityExample Problems, if time.Stress-strain diagramsThe relationship between loads and deflection/stress-strain in astructure of a member can be obtained from experimental load-deflection/stress-strain curves 
1
 
LPPdL/2dL/2P/2P/2
δ  
PPPPTension testBending testCompression testTorsion testShear Test
 The most common tests are tension test for ductile materials (steel)& compression test for brittle materials (concrete) 
2
 
Tension Test
AB'CC'The upperstress levelat which thematerialbehaveselasticallyNeckingMaterial canresist more loadincreaseYieldingElasticMaterial will deformpermanently and will n to itsorginal shape upon unloading. Thedeformation that occurs is called
σ 
 f  
σ 
u
σ 
 f  
σ 
 y
σ 
 PL
σ 
: The upper stresslimit that strainvaries linearly withstress. Materialfollows:Stress at which aslight increase instress will result inappreciably increasin strain withoutincrease in stressNeckingStress-strain using originalarea to calculateTrue Stress-strain usingactual area to calculateterialwill return to its orginalshape if material is loadedand unloaded within thisrange
ε 
:10 - 40 timeselastic strain
 y
ε 
 
Elastic Limit:Strain Hardening:Plastic Behaviour:NOT returplastic deformationProportional LimitHooke's LawYield StressUltimate stressFailure stressElastic Behaviour: MaYield strain 
Stress-strain diagram for ductile materialsHooke’s Law: 
 E 
σ ε 
=
 
 E 
 is the modulus of elasticity
 steel 
 E 
= 200 GPa
concrete
 E 
= 29 GPa (21 – 29 GPa)
3

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