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has been used in buildings since the 11th century.Glassis typicallyused in buildings as a transparentglazingmaterial for windows in the building envelope.
Glass is also used in glazed internal partitions and as an architectural feature.Glass in buildings is often of a safety type, including toughened and laminated glasses
Bullseye: The earliest style of glass window
The uneven surface of old glass is visible in the reflection on this window pane. It is
,however, a bullseye window.The earliest method of glass window manufature was the
method. Hot blownglass was cut open opposite the pipe, then rapidly spun on a table before it could cool.Centrifugal force forced the hot globe of glass into a round, flat sheet. The sheet wouldthen be broken off the pipe and trimmed to form a rectangular window to fit into a frame.At the center of a bullseye window, a thick remnent of the original blown bottle neck would remain, hence the name "bullseye." Optical distortions produced by the bullseyecould be reduced by grinding the glass.The bullseye method for manufacturing flat glass panels was very expensive and couldnot be used to make large panes. It was replaced in the 19th century by the cylinder, sheetand rolled plate processes, but it is still used in traditional constrution and restoration.
In this manufacturing process glass is blown into a cylindrical iron mould. The ends arecut off and a cut is made down the side of the cylinder. The cut cylinder is then placed inan oven where the cylinder unrolls into a flat glass sheet. William J. Blenko used thismethod in the early 1900s to make stained glass. These imperfect panes have led to themisconception that glass is actually a high-viscosity liquid at room temperature, which isnot the case.