March 2006The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM) and theGovernment of Indonesia (GoI) is a landmark agreement that we believe will usher in peace andprosperity for the people of Aceh.Since August 2005, we have seen tremendous changes across Aceh and both parties to theagreement have made positive steps in implementing the articles and principles of the MoU. Onthe December 21st we completed the decommissioning of our weapons. On December 31st aceremony was held to mark the final stage of troop redeployment.However, challenges remain for 2006, in particular the reintegration of former combatants andprisoners into normal life. The MoU promises that the "GoI and the authorities of Aceh will takemeasures to assist persons who have participated in GAM activities to facilitate their reintegrationinto civil society. These measures include economic facilitation to former combatants, pardonedpolitical prisoners and affected civilians." Yet at present, little support has reached these people.To assist the development of reintegration programs and policies, the World Bank andDecentralization Support Facilities have produced this comprehensive report on current andlong-term reintegration needs and dynamics. It is much needed, but it is really only the first step.We urge the Government of Indonesia, the authorities of Aceh, civil society groups as well as theinternational community to act upon these findings and work together to address the needs iden-tified.In particular, I wish to draw your attention to the report's findings on the need for livelihood assis-tance. Many of those involved with GAM have returned with little more than the clothes on theirback. They sacrificed their livelihoods, and many their lives, for a better Aceh. With better sup-port, not only can they look after themselves, but they can also help to rebuild Aceh.
iiiKajian Mengenai Kebutuhan Reintegrasi GAM
FREE ACEH MOVEMENTSENIOR REPRESENTATIVEtoACEH MONITORING MISSION (AMM)
Jl. Daud Beureu-eh No. 173, Lamprit, Banda Aceh, HP: +621375227728